Entry and Competition in Differentiated Products Markets

C.B.C. Schaumans, F.L. Verboven

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Abstract

We propose a methodology for estimating the competition effects from entry when firms sell differentiated products. We first derive precise conditions under which Bres- nahan and Reiss'entry threshold ratios (ETRs) can be used to test for the presence and to measure the magnitude of competition effects. We then show how to augment the traditional entry model with a revenue equation. This revenue equation serves to adjust the ETRs by the extent of market expansion from entry, and leads to unbiased estimates of the competition effects from entry. We apply our approach to seven different local service sectors. We find that entry typically leads to significant market expansion, implying that traditional ETRs may substantially underestimate the com- petition effects from entry. In most sectors, the second entrant reduces markups by at least 30%, whereas the third or subsequent entrants have smaller or insignificant effects. In one sector, we find that even the second entrant does not reduce markups, consistent with a recent decision by the competition authority.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherEconomics
Volume2011-049
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2011-049

Keywords

  • competition
  • entry
  • local services sectors
  • entry threshold ratios

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    Schaumans, C. B. C., & Verboven, F. L. (2011). Entry and Competition in Differentiated Products Markets. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2011-049). Economics.