OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: Neuronal responses adapt to familiar and repeated sensory stimuli. Enhanced synchrony across wide brain systems has been postulated as a potential mechanism for this adaptation phenomenon. Here, we used recently developed graph theory methods to investigate hidden connectivity features of dynamic synchrony changes during a visual repetition paradigm. Particularly, we focused on strength connectivity changes occurring at local and distant brain neighborhoods.
PRINCIPAL OBSERVATIONS: We found that connectivity reorganization in visual modal cortex-such as local suppressed connectivity in primary visual areas and distant suppressed connectivity in fusiform areas-is accompanied by enhanced local and distant connectivity in higher cognitive processing areas in multimodal and association cortex. Moreover, we found a shift of the dynamic functional connections from primary-visual-fusiform to primary-multimodal/association cortex.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that repetition-suppression is made possible by reorganization of functional connectivity that enables communication between low- and high-order areas. Hum Brain Mapp 38:1965-1976, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.