ERP responses to person names as a measure of trait inference in person perception (online version, 01-08-2014)

L. Wang, MCM Bastiaansen, Y. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Using event-related potentials (ERPs), this study examines how trait information inferred from behaviors is associated with person names. In linguistic discourses, person names were associated with descriptions of either positive or negative behaviors. In a subsequent explicit evaluation task, the previously described person names were presented in isolation, and the participants were asked to judge the emotional valence of these names. We found that the names associated with positive descriptions elicited a larger positivity in the ERP than the names associated with negative descriptions. The results indicate that the emotional valence of person names attached to person perception can be dynamically influenced by short descriptions of the target person, probably due to trait inference based on the provided behavioral descriptions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-99
JournalSocial Neuroscience
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ERPs
  • Emotional valence
  • Person names
  • Person perception
  • Trait inference

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