Ethnic, Familial, and Religious Identity of Roma Adolescents in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania in Relation to Their Level of Well-Being

Radosveta Dimitrova, Fons J. R. van de Vijver*, Jitka Tausova, Athanasios Chasiotis, Michael Bender, Carmen Buzea, Fitim Uka, Ergyul Tair

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study examines ethnic, national, familial, and religious identity and well-being of 632 Roma minority and 589 majority adolescents (age: M = 15.98 years, SD = 1.34) in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania. Results indicated that Roma showed lower endorsement of national identity but stronger religious identity than their majority counterparts. Path models showed positive associations of familial and religious identities with well-being, whereas Roma identity was negatively associated with well-being, particularly for Roma in Bulgaria and Kosovo (countries with a less active policy toward improving conditions of Roma). In the latter countries, Roma ethnic identity is less relevant and weakly associated with psychological well-being of youth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-709
Number of pages17
JournalChild Development
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • COLLECTIVE IDENTITY
  • MINORITY ADOLESCENTS
  • AMERICAN ADOLESCENTS
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • ACCULTURATION
  • ADAPTATION
  • EUROPE
  • MODEL
  • DISCRIMINATION
  • INDIVIDUALISM

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