Liberalization of the European internal market for energy by means of unbundling and third party access alone is not enough to make renewable energy on a par with fossil fuels. To in-crease the production of renewable energy in its Member States, the EU has in place a set of le-gal instruments to promote the scale up of renewable energy production through i.e. setting binding targets for renewables and providing a legal framework for support schemes. Howev-er, while arguably consistent with EU disciplines pertaining to State aid, EU support schemes can easily fall foul of WTO subsidy disciplines. This article argues that EU and WTO law are disconnected paradigms in this respect: EU legislation by its design attempts to legitimize sup-port schemes for renewable energy, not necessarily taking into account their consistency with the WTO subsidy disciplines. WTO law, on the other hand, currently arguably provides too lit-tle legal space for subsidies that further legitimate policy goals, such as advancing environmen-tal protection and climate change mitigation.
|Number of pages||39|
|Journal||European Journal of Risk Regulation|
|Publication status||Submitted - 20 Jun 2018|