European Values Study 1981-2017

R. Luijkx, L.C.J.M. Halman

Research output: Other contribution


The European Values Study is a large-scale, cross-national, and longitudinal survey research program on basic human values providing insight into the ideas, beliefs, preferences, attitudes, values and opinions of citizens all over Europe. It is a unique research project on how Europeans think about life, family, work, religion, politics and society.

The European Values Study started in 1981, when a thousand citizens in the European Member States of that time were interviewed using standardized questionnaires. Every nine years, the survey is repeated in an increasing number of countries. The fourth wave in 2008 covers no less than 47 European countries/regions, from Iceland to Armenia and from Portugal to Norway. In total, about 70,000 people in Europe were interviewed. The fifth wave will be held in 2017.

A rich academic literature is based on the surveys and numerous other works have made use of the findings. Data are free available in several formats from the GESIS Data Archive and are compatible with the data from the World Values Survey. The database not only contains the data itself, but also full information on the used questionnaires (for all countries and languages used)--this information can be searched at the variable level:
- Online variable overview EVS 1981-2008 allows for comparisons of trend variables of all EVS waves. In addition, it supports comparisons of original question texts across the waves 1999 and 2008;
- ZACAT at GESIS provides data and documentation for retrieval purposes and data exploration. It further allows searching for variables and identifying trend variables across EVS waves;
- Question text retrieval allows for full-text searches in the English Master Questionnaires and multilingual variable documentation.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 2017


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