Evaluation of normative data of a widely used computerized neuropsychological battery: Applicability and effects of sociodemographic variables in a Dutch sample

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Abstract

Introduction:
Central Nervous System Vital Signs (CNS VS) is a computerized neuropsychological battery that is translated into many languages. However, published CNS VS’ normative data were established over a decade ago, are solely age-corrected, and collected in an American population only.
Method:
Mean performance of healthy Dutch participants on CNS VS was compared with the original CNS VS norms (N = 1,069), and effects of sociodemographic variables were examined.
Results:
z tests demonstrated no significant differences in performance on four out of seven cognitive domains; however, Dutch participants (N = 158) showed higher scores on processing and psychomotor speed, as well as on cognitive flexibility. Although the original CNS VS norms are solely age-corrected, effects of education and sex on CNS VS performance were also identified in the Dutch sample.
Discussion:
Users should be cautious when interpreting CNS VS performance based on the original American norms, and sociodemographic factors must also be considered.
Keywords: CNS Vital Signs, computerized neuropsychological testing, healthy participants, normative data, sociodemographic variables, neuropsychological assessment
Original languageEnglish
JournalAssessment
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

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@article{ec3c2ee6002149cb9ed31a93b93d28b4,
title = "Evaluation of normative data of a widely used computerized neuropsychological battery: Applicability and effects of sociodemographic variables in a Dutch sample",
abstract = "Introduction: Central Nervous System Vital Signs (CNS VS) is a computerized neuropsychological battery that is translated into many languages. However, published CNS VS’ normative data were established over a decade ago, are solely age-corrected, and collected in an American population only. Method: Mean performance of healthy Dutch participants on CNS VS was compared with the original CNS VS norms (N = 1,069), and effects of sociodemographic variables were examined. Results:z tests demonstrated no significant differences in performance on four out of seven cognitive domains; however, Dutch participants (N = 158) showed higher scores on processing and psychomotor speed, as well as on cognitive flexibility. Although the original CNS VS norms are solely age-corrected, effects of education and sex on CNS VS performance were also identified in the Dutch sample. Discussion: Users should be cautious when interpreting CNS VS performance based on the original American norms, and sociodemographic factors must also be considered.Keywords: CNS Vital Signs, computerized neuropsychological testing, healthy participants, normative data, sociodemographic variables, neuropsychological assessment",
author = "S.J.M. Rijnen and I. Meskal and W.H.M. Emons and CA.M. Campman and {van der Linden}, S.D. and K. Gehring and M.M. Sitskoorn",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1177/1073191117727346",
language = "English",
journal = "Assessment",
issn = "1073-1911",
publisher = "Sage Publications, Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of normative data of a widely used computerized neuropsychological battery

T2 - Applicability and effects of sociodemographic variables in a Dutch sample

AU - Rijnen, S.J.M.

AU - Meskal, I.

AU - Emons, W.H.M.

AU - Campman, CA.M.

AU - van der Linden, S.D.

AU - Gehring, K.

AU - Sitskoorn, M.M.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Introduction: Central Nervous System Vital Signs (CNS VS) is a computerized neuropsychological battery that is translated into many languages. However, published CNS VS’ normative data were established over a decade ago, are solely age-corrected, and collected in an American population only. Method: Mean performance of healthy Dutch participants on CNS VS was compared with the original CNS VS norms (N = 1,069), and effects of sociodemographic variables were examined. Results:z tests demonstrated no significant differences in performance on four out of seven cognitive domains; however, Dutch participants (N = 158) showed higher scores on processing and psychomotor speed, as well as on cognitive flexibility. Although the original CNS VS norms are solely age-corrected, effects of education and sex on CNS VS performance were also identified in the Dutch sample. Discussion: Users should be cautious when interpreting CNS VS performance based on the original American norms, and sociodemographic factors must also be considered.Keywords: CNS Vital Signs, computerized neuropsychological testing, healthy participants, normative data, sociodemographic variables, neuropsychological assessment

AB - Introduction: Central Nervous System Vital Signs (CNS VS) is a computerized neuropsychological battery that is translated into many languages. However, published CNS VS’ normative data were established over a decade ago, are solely age-corrected, and collected in an American population only. Method: Mean performance of healthy Dutch participants on CNS VS was compared with the original CNS VS norms (N = 1,069), and effects of sociodemographic variables were examined. Results:z tests demonstrated no significant differences in performance on four out of seven cognitive domains; however, Dutch participants (N = 158) showed higher scores on processing and psychomotor speed, as well as on cognitive flexibility. Although the original CNS VS norms are solely age-corrected, effects of education and sex on CNS VS performance were also identified in the Dutch sample. Discussion: Users should be cautious when interpreting CNS VS performance based on the original American norms, and sociodemographic factors must also be considered.Keywords: CNS Vital Signs, computerized neuropsychological testing, healthy participants, normative data, sociodemographic variables, neuropsychological assessment

U2 - 10.1177/1073191117727346

DO - 10.1177/1073191117727346

M3 - Article

JO - Assessment

JF - Assessment

SN - 1073-1911

ER -