Evaluation of the process of implementing an outdoor school ground smoking ban at secondary schools

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background:
Although outdoor smoking bans at school are becoming important, it remains unclear whether successful implementation is feasible and what conditions promote it. Therefore, this study evaluates the implementation process by identifying important factors.

Methods:
Interviews were held with directors of 24 secondary schools that had decided to implement an outdoor school ground smoking ban, to identify important factors during implementation. Additionally, observations were made before and (about 4 weeks) after implementation to evaluate adherence to guidelines. Data were analyzed using a thematic approach.

Results:
During implementation, the following items were important: smoking ban (eg, guidelines), school (eg, policy, enforcement, environmental factors, resources, etc), and external factors (eg, social environment). Four schools were unable to implement the ban, 20 schools implemented the ban but student adherence was low, and at 4 schools, staff members still smoked on school grounds.

Conclusions:
Although implementation is feasible, there are challenges. Schools need to apply a phased/dynamic process with ample lead time and clear communication of the policy. Directors should deal with offenders by strictly enforcing the ban and helping them stop smoking. This study offers information to help institutes implement an outdoor smoking ban to further protect adolescents from the harm of smoking.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-867
JournalJournal of School Health
Volume88
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

ban
smoking
secondary school
evaluation
school
director
environmental factors
offender
adolescent
staff
communication
interview
resources

Keywords

  • CHALLENGES
  • DETERMINANTS
  • ENFORCEMENT
  • ONTARIO
  • POLICIES
  • PROPERTY
  • implementation
  • outdoor smoking bans
  • qualitative research
  • school smoking policy
  • secondary school
  • tobacco control policy

Cite this

@article{5cc2d527a8e1496c9bce550bfd595c69,
title = "Evaluation of the process of implementing an outdoor school ground smoking ban at secondary schools",
abstract = "Background:Although outdoor smoking bans at school are becoming important, it remains unclear whether successful implementation is feasible and what conditions promote it. Therefore, this study evaluates the implementation process by identifying important factors.Methods:Interviews were held with directors of 24 secondary schools that had decided to implement an outdoor school ground smoking ban, to identify important factors during implementation. Additionally, observations were made before and (about 4 weeks) after implementation to evaluate adherence to guidelines. Data were analyzed using a thematic approach.Results:During implementation, the following items were important: smoking ban (eg, guidelines), school (eg, policy, enforcement, environmental factors, resources, etc), and external factors (eg, social environment). Four schools were unable to implement the ban, 20 schools implemented the ban but student adherence was low, and at 4 schools, staff members still smoked on school grounds.Conclusions:Although implementation is feasible, there are challenges. Schools need to apply a phased/dynamic process with ample lead time and clear communication of the policy. Directors should deal with offenders by strictly enforcing the ban and helping them stop smoking. This study offers information to help institutes implement an outdoor smoking ban to further protect adolescents from the harm of smoking.",
keywords = "CHALLENGES, DETERMINANTS, ENFORCEMENT, ONTARIO, POLICIES, PROPERTY, implementation, outdoor smoking bans, qualitative research, school smoking policy, secondary school, tobacco control policy",
author = "A.D. Rozema and J.J.P. Mathijssen and {van Oers}, J.A.M. and M.W.J. Jansen",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1111/josh.12692",
language = "English",
volume = "88",
pages = "859--867",
journal = "Journal of School Health",
number = "11",

}

Evaluation of the process of implementing an outdoor school ground smoking ban at secondary schools. / Rozema, A.D.; Mathijssen, J.J.P.; van Oers, J.A.M.; Jansen, M.W.J.

In: Journal of School Health, Vol. 88, No. 11, 2018, p. 859-867.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of the process of implementing an outdoor school ground smoking ban at secondary schools

AU - Rozema, A.D.

AU - Mathijssen, J.J.P.

AU - van Oers, J.A.M.

AU - Jansen, M.W.J.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background:Although outdoor smoking bans at school are becoming important, it remains unclear whether successful implementation is feasible and what conditions promote it. Therefore, this study evaluates the implementation process by identifying important factors.Methods:Interviews were held with directors of 24 secondary schools that had decided to implement an outdoor school ground smoking ban, to identify important factors during implementation. Additionally, observations were made before and (about 4 weeks) after implementation to evaluate adherence to guidelines. Data were analyzed using a thematic approach.Results:During implementation, the following items were important: smoking ban (eg, guidelines), school (eg, policy, enforcement, environmental factors, resources, etc), and external factors (eg, social environment). Four schools were unable to implement the ban, 20 schools implemented the ban but student adherence was low, and at 4 schools, staff members still smoked on school grounds.Conclusions:Although implementation is feasible, there are challenges. Schools need to apply a phased/dynamic process with ample lead time and clear communication of the policy. Directors should deal with offenders by strictly enforcing the ban and helping them stop smoking. This study offers information to help institutes implement an outdoor smoking ban to further protect adolescents from the harm of smoking.

AB - Background:Although outdoor smoking bans at school are becoming important, it remains unclear whether successful implementation is feasible and what conditions promote it. Therefore, this study evaluates the implementation process by identifying important factors.Methods:Interviews were held with directors of 24 secondary schools that had decided to implement an outdoor school ground smoking ban, to identify important factors during implementation. Additionally, observations were made before and (about 4 weeks) after implementation to evaluate adherence to guidelines. Data were analyzed using a thematic approach.Results:During implementation, the following items were important: smoking ban (eg, guidelines), school (eg, policy, enforcement, environmental factors, resources, etc), and external factors (eg, social environment). Four schools were unable to implement the ban, 20 schools implemented the ban but student adherence was low, and at 4 schools, staff members still smoked on school grounds.Conclusions:Although implementation is feasible, there are challenges. Schools need to apply a phased/dynamic process with ample lead time and clear communication of the policy. Directors should deal with offenders by strictly enforcing the ban and helping them stop smoking. This study offers information to help institutes implement an outdoor smoking ban to further protect adolescents from the harm of smoking.

KW - CHALLENGES

KW - DETERMINANTS

KW - ENFORCEMENT

KW - ONTARIO

KW - POLICIES

KW - PROPERTY

KW - implementation

KW - outdoor smoking bans

KW - qualitative research

KW - school smoking policy

KW - secondary school

KW - tobacco control policy

U2 - 10.1111/josh.12692

DO - 10.1111/josh.12692

M3 - Article

VL - 88

SP - 859

EP - 867

JO - Journal of School Health

JF - Journal of School Health

IS - 11

ER -