Excuses gemaakt, zand erover? Over de perceptie van emotionele slachtoffers en de verwachte effecten van aangeboden excuses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Whereas the starting point of victimisation is clearly marked by a co-occurence of harm and wrong, the end of victimhood is not as straightforward. What is more, because victimisation is a social construct, the label of “victim” is established in social interaction, meaning that third party observers have a role in the understanding of the (limits of) victimisation. In this article, I suggest that third party observers may understand attempts at restorative justice, more specifically, an apology, as an indicator of recovery of the victim. If this is true, they may expect the victim to decrease emotional display that signals victimisation after receiving an apology. If the victim continues to display similar signals of victimisation, this may result in negative victim-oriented responses. In an exploratory repeated measures vignette study, I show that third party observers evaluate the victim less positively after the victim received an apology than before they received this apology. The results imply that in understanding the (limits of) victimhood, we should consider the dynamics between victim and offender but also a broader circle of third-party observers. This is also important for restorative justice.
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)11-21
Number of pages11
JournalTijdschrift voor Herstelrecht
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • victimisation
  • apology
  • emotional display
  • restorative justice
  • third-party observer

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