Expanding non-patient COVID-19 data: Towards the FAIRification of migrants’ data in Tunisia, Libya and Niger

Mariem Ghardallou*, Morgane Wirtz, Sakinat Folorunso, Zohra Touati, Ezekiel Ogundepo, Klara Smits, Ali Mtiraoui, Mirjam van Reisen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


This article describes the FAIRification process (which involves making data Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable—or FAIR—for both machines and humans) for data related to the impact of COVID-19 on migrants, refugees and asylum seekers in Tunisia, Libya and Niger, according to the scheme adopted by GO FAIR. This process was divided into three phases: pre-FAIRification, FAIRification and post-FAIRification. Each phase consisted of seven steps. In the first phase, 118 in-depth interviews and 565 press articles and research reports were collected by students and researchers at the University of Sousse in Tunisia and researchers in Niger. These interviews, articles and reports constitute the dataset for this research. In the second phase, the data were sorted and converted into a machine actionable format and published on a FAIR Data Point hosted at the University of Sousse. In the third phase, an assessment of the implementation of the FAIR Guidelines was undertaken. Certain barriers and challenges were faced in this process and solutions were found. For FAIR data curation, certain changes need to be made to the technical process. People need to be convinced to make these changes and that the implementation of FAIR will generate a long-term return on investment. Although the implementation of FAIR Guidelines is not straightforward, making our resources FAIR is essential to achieving better science together.
Original languageEnglish
Article number 4 (4)
Pages (from-to)955–970
JournalData Intelligence
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • FAIR
  • COVID-19
  • Data
  • FAIRification
  • Migrant data
  • Tunesia
  • Libya
  • Niger
  • Non-patient data


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