Exposure to Poverty and Productivity

Patricio Dalton, Victor Gonzalez Jimenez, Charles Noussair

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Abstract

We study whether poverty can induce affective states that decrease productivity. In a controlled laboratory setting, we find that subjects randomly assigned to a treatment, in which they view a video featuring individuals that live in extreme poverty, exhibit lower subsequent productivity compared to subjects assigned to a control treatment. Questionnaire responses, as well as facial recognition software, provide quantitative measures of the affective state evoked by the two treatments. Subjects exposed to images of poverty experience a more negative affective state than those in the control treatment. Further analyses show that individuals in a more positive emotional state exhibit less of a treatment effect. Also, those who exhibit greater attentiveness upon viewing the poverty video are less productive. The results are consistent with the notion that exposure to poverty can induce a psychological state in individuals that adversely affects productivity.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherCentER, Center for Economic Research
Number of pages29
Volume2016-027
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2016

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2016-027

Fingerprint

Productivity
Poverty
Treatment effects
Emotion
Psychological
Software
Questionnaire

Keywords

  • poverty
  • productivity
  • mood
  • emotions
  • limited attention
  • experiments

Cite this

Dalton, P., Gonzalez Jimenez, V., & Noussair, C. (2016). Exposure to Poverty and Productivity. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2016-027). Tilburg: CentER, Center for Economic Research.
Dalton, Patricio ; Gonzalez Jimenez, Victor ; Noussair, Charles. / Exposure to Poverty and Productivity. Tilburg : CentER, Center for Economic Research, 2016. (CentER Discussion Paper).
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Dalton, P, Gonzalez Jimenez, V & Noussair, C 2016 'Exposure to Poverty and Productivity' CentER Discussion Paper, vol. 2016-027, CentER, Center for Economic Research, Tilburg.

Exposure to Poverty and Productivity. / Dalton, Patricio; Gonzalez Jimenez, Victor; Noussair, Charles.

Tilburg : CentER, Center for Economic Research, 2016. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2016-027).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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N2 - We study whether poverty can induce affective states that decrease productivity. In a controlled laboratory setting, we find that subjects randomly assigned to a treatment, in which they view a video featuring individuals that live in extreme poverty, exhibit lower subsequent productivity compared to subjects assigned to a control treatment. Questionnaire responses, as well as facial recognition software, provide quantitative measures of the affective state evoked by the two treatments. Subjects exposed to images of poverty experience a more negative affective state than those in the control treatment. Further analyses show that individuals in a more positive emotional state exhibit less of a treatment effect. Also, those who exhibit greater attentiveness upon viewing the poverty video are less productive. The results are consistent with the notion that exposure to poverty can induce a psychological state in individuals that adversely affects productivity.

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Dalton P, Gonzalez Jimenez V, Noussair C. Exposure to Poverty and Productivity. Tilburg: CentER, Center for Economic Research. 2016 Jul 27. (CentER Discussion Paper).