Eye contact and trust online: The effect of profile pictures on Airbnb booking

Peter Broeder, Elena Remers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates uncertainty and trust in peer-to-peer (P2P) e-commerce in the shared economy of Airbnb. On P2P marketplaces individuals do business with each other based on the concept of sharing. This type of business may cause a feeling of risk and uncertainty. Hence, trust fulfils a key element in the transactions. On the Airbnb platform profile pictures of the renter are included to diminish consumers’ feelings of uncertainty. An experiment was performed with two accommodation offers that differed in eye contact (eye contact vs. no eye contact) on the profile picture. In total 319 participants took part in the experiment, 157 Dutch and 162 French. The results revealed that a profile picture with eye contact brought along more trust than without eye contact. Further, a higher level of trust leaded to a higher booking intention. Although the French were more uncertainty avoidant than the Dutch, no moderation effect was found for uncertainty avoidance on booking intention.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018
Pages336-339
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2018
EventThe IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018
- Almaty, Kazakhstan
Duration: 17 Oct 201819 Oct 2018
Conference number: 12
http://www.aict.info/?csc=2018

Conference

ConferenceThe IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018
Abbreviated titleAICT 2018
CountryKazakhstan
CityAlmaty
Period17/10/1819/10/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Online trust
Uncertainty
Experiment
Moderation
Electronic commerce
Risk and uncertainty
Uncertainty avoidance
Peer to peer
Accommodation

Keywords

  • marketing
  • Trust
  • Privacy
  • digital communication
  • Advertising
  • Cross-cultural

Cite this

Broeder, P., & Remers, E. (2018). Eye contact and trust online: The effect of profile pictures on Airbnb booking. In The IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018 (pp. 336-339)
Broeder, Peter ; Remers, Elena. / Eye contact and trust online : The effect of profile pictures on Airbnb booking. The IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018. 2018. pp. 336-339
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author = "Peter Broeder and Elena Remers",
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Broeder, P & Remers, E 2018, Eye contact and trust online: The effect of profile pictures on Airbnb booking. in The IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018. pp. 336-339, The IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018
, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 17/10/18.

Eye contact and trust online : The effect of profile pictures on Airbnb booking. / Broeder, Peter; Remers, Elena.

The IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018. 2018. p. 336-339.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Eye contact and trust online

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N2 - This study investigates uncertainty and trust in peer-to-peer (P2P) e-commerce in the shared economy of Airbnb. On P2P marketplaces individuals do business with each other based on the concept of sharing. This type of business may cause a feeling of risk and uncertainty. Hence, trust fulfils a key element in the transactions. On the Airbnb platform profile pictures of the renter are included to diminish consumers’ feelings of uncertainty. An experiment was performed with two accommodation offers that differed in eye contact (eye contact vs. no eye contact) on the profile picture. In total 319 participants took part in the experiment, 157 Dutch and 162 French. The results revealed that a profile picture with eye contact brought along more trust than without eye contact. Further, a higher level of trust leaded to a higher booking intention. Although the French were more uncertainty avoidant than the Dutch, no moderation effect was found for uncertainty avoidance on booking intention.

AB - This study investigates uncertainty and trust in peer-to-peer (P2P) e-commerce in the shared economy of Airbnb. On P2P marketplaces individuals do business with each other based on the concept of sharing. This type of business may cause a feeling of risk and uncertainty. Hence, trust fulfils a key element in the transactions. On the Airbnb platform profile pictures of the renter are included to diminish consumers’ feelings of uncertainty. An experiment was performed with two accommodation offers that differed in eye contact (eye contact vs. no eye contact) on the profile picture. In total 319 participants took part in the experiment, 157 Dutch and 162 French. The results revealed that a profile picture with eye contact brought along more trust than without eye contact. Further, a higher level of trust leaded to a higher booking intention. Although the French were more uncertainty avoidant than the Dutch, no moderation effect was found for uncertainty avoidance on booking intention.

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Broeder P, Remers E. Eye contact and trust online: The effect of profile pictures on Airbnb booking. In The IEEE 12th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies / AICT 2018. 2018. p. 336-339.