Factorial temperament structure in stuttering, voice-disordered, and typically developing children

Kurt Eggers, Luc F De Nil, B.R.H. Van den Bergh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the underlying temperamental structure of the Dutch Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ; B. Van den Bergh & M. Ackx, 2003) was identical for children who stutter (CWS), typically developing children (TDC), and children with vocal nodules (CWVN).

METHOD: A principal axis factor analysis was performed on data obtained with the Dutch CBQ from 69 CWS, 149 TDC, and 41 CWVN. All children were between the ages of 3;0 (years;months) and 8;11.

RESULTS: Results indicated a 3-factor solution, identified as Extraversion/Surgency, Negative Affect, and Effortful Control, for each of the participant groups, showing considerable similarity to previously published U.S., Chinese, Japanese, and Dutch samples. Congruence coefficients were highest for CWS and TDC and somewhat more modest when comparing CWVN and TDC. The Effortful Control factor consistently yielded the lowest congruence coefficients.

CONCLUSION: These data confirm that although stuttering, voice-disordered, and typically developing children may differ quantitatively with regard to mean scores on temperament scales, they are similar in terms of their overall underlying temperament structure. The equivalence of temperament structure provides a basis for further comparison of mean group scores on the individual temperament scales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1610-1622
JournalJournal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Temperament
Stuttering
Child Behavior
equivalence
Statistical Factor Analysis
factor analysis
Group
Children Who Stutter
questionnaire
Congruence
Equivalence
Questionnaire
Factor Analysis
Extraversion
Extraversion (Psychology)
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychological Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Stuttering
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Temperament
  • Voice Disorders

Cite this

Eggers, Kurt ; De Nil, Luc F ; Van den Bergh, B.R.H. / Factorial temperament structure in stuttering, voice-disordered, and typically developing children. In: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research. 2009 ; Vol. 52, No. 6. pp. 1610-1622.
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Factorial temperament structure in stuttering, voice-disordered, and typically developing children. / Eggers, Kurt; De Nil, Luc F; Van den Bergh, B.R.H.

In: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, Vol. 52, No. 6, 2009, p. 1610-1622.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - De Nil, Luc F

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N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the underlying temperamental structure of the Dutch Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ; B. Van den Bergh & M. Ackx, 2003) was identical for children who stutter (CWS), typically developing children (TDC), and children with vocal nodules (CWVN).METHOD: A principal axis factor analysis was performed on data obtained with the Dutch CBQ from 69 CWS, 149 TDC, and 41 CWVN. All children were between the ages of 3;0 (years;months) and 8;11.RESULTS: Results indicated a 3-factor solution, identified as Extraversion/Surgency, Negative Affect, and Effortful Control, for each of the participant groups, showing considerable similarity to previously published U.S., Chinese, Japanese, and Dutch samples. Congruence coefficients were highest for CWS and TDC and somewhat more modest when comparing CWVN and TDC. The Effortful Control factor consistently yielded the lowest congruence coefficients.CONCLUSION: These data confirm that although stuttering, voice-disordered, and typically developing children may differ quantitatively with regard to mean scores on temperament scales, they are similar in terms of their overall underlying temperament structure. The equivalence of temperament structure provides a basis for further comparison of mean group scores on the individual temperament scales.

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KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

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