Factors associated with hospital closure and merger: A survival analysis of Dutch hospitals from 1978 to 2010

M. den Hartog, R.T.J.M. Janssen, B.J. Haselbekke, R. Croes, M. Klik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Health policy in most West European countries is directed at transforming the healthcare systems into more self-regulating and competitive systems. After a period of strong regulation, the Dutch government decided to step back and created conditions in which competition could lead to cost management and quality improvement. The question is whether mergers have contributed to the survival chances of hospitals. This paper describes the results of an analysis performed on the survival of all Dutch hospitals in the years 1978 to 2010. The survival of hospitals during this period was determined and their survival rates were calculated statistically. Furthermore, the relation between a hospital’s lifespan and a number of predictive variables was investigated. In this study, more detailed consideration is given to the fact of whether a hospital merged with another hospital. Bivariate analysis shows that smaller hospitals in particular have been driven out of the market. The difference in lifespan between hospitals which had merged and those which had not, appeared to be significant. However, a multivariate analysis, when corrected for size, type, and location, showed that merging had no significant effect on hospital lifespan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalHealth Services Management Research
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Health Facility Merger
Health Facility Closure
Survival Analysis
Multivariate Analysis
Survival Rate

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@article{992cf3fdf3d542408a40fa14788383f3,
title = "Factors associated with hospital closure and merger: A survival analysis of Dutch hospitals from 1978 to 2010",
abstract = "Health policy in most West European countries is directed at transforming the healthcare systems into more self-regulating and competitive systems. After a period of strong regulation, the Dutch government decided to step back and created conditions in which competition could lead to cost management and quality improvement. The question is whether mergers have contributed to the survival chances of hospitals. This paper describes the results of an analysis performed on the survival of all Dutch hospitals in the years 1978 to 2010. The survival of hospitals during this period was determined and their survival rates were calculated statistically. Furthermore, the relation between a hospital’s lifespan and a number of predictive variables was investigated. In this study, more detailed consideration is given to the fact of whether a hospital merged with another hospital. Bivariate analysis shows that smaller hospitals in particular have been driven out of the market. The difference in lifespan between hospitals which had merged and those which had not, appeared to be significant. However, a multivariate analysis, when corrected for size, type, and location, showed that merging had no significant effect on hospital lifespan.",
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Factors associated with hospital closure and merger : A survival analysis of Dutch hospitals from 1978 to 2010. / den Hartog, M.; Janssen, R.T.J.M.; Haselbekke, B.J.; Croes, R.; Klik, M.

In: Health Services Management Research, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2013, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T2 - A survival analysis of Dutch hospitals from 1978 to 2010

AU - den Hartog, M.

AU - Janssen, R.T.J.M.

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AU - Croes, R.

AU - Klik, M.

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AB - Health policy in most West European countries is directed at transforming the healthcare systems into more self-regulating and competitive systems. After a period of strong regulation, the Dutch government decided to step back and created conditions in which competition could lead to cost management and quality improvement. The question is whether mergers have contributed to the survival chances of hospitals. This paper describes the results of an analysis performed on the survival of all Dutch hospitals in the years 1978 to 2010. The survival of hospitals during this period was determined and their survival rates were calculated statistically. Furthermore, the relation between a hospital’s lifespan and a number of predictive variables was investigated. In this study, more detailed consideration is given to the fact of whether a hospital merged with another hospital. Bivariate analysis shows that smaller hospitals in particular have been driven out of the market. The difference in lifespan between hospitals which had merged and those which had not, appeared to be significant. However, a multivariate analysis, when corrected for size, type, and location, showed that merging had no significant effect on hospital lifespan.

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