Factors influencing work participation of adults with developmental dyslexia: a systematic review

Joost de Beer, Josephine Engels, Yvonne Heerkens, Jac van der Klink

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Evidence has been synthesized to determine hindering and facilitating factors associated with the work participation of adults with developmental dyslexia (DD), classified according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).

Methods: A systematic literature review has been performed. Two search strings were used to determine the population and the context of work. The ICF was expanded with two subdivisions: one that made the environmental factors more work-related and a subdivision of personal factors. For data extraction the method known as qualitative metasummary was used and the manifest frequency effect size (MFES) for each category in the ICF was calculated.

Results: From 33 included studies 318 factors have been extracted and classified in the ICF. In the classification the frequency of occurrences and the consistency in direction (i.e., hindering or facilitating) have been made visible. The ICF categories with the highest MFES were mental functions with factors like feelings and emotions about dyslexia; activities like reading or writing/spelling; participation with factors like acquiring and keeping a job; social relationships at work where the attitudes and support of the employer and co-workers are important; working conditions with factors like the availability of assistive technology and accommodations on the job; and personal factors like self-disclosure and coping strategies.

Conclusions: In the context of work DD affects nearly all domains of functioning, mostly in a negative way. Within each domain the impact of DD increases over the course of life. To overcome that negative influence, many forms of adaptation, compensation, or coping are mentioned. Also notable is the lack of positive attitudes toward DD of the participants with DD-with the exception of the attitudes of teachers with DD-as well as on the part of colleagues, supervisors, and employers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number77
Number of pages22
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult
  • ICF
  • Developmental dyslexia
  • Work participation
  • WITH-DISABILITIES-ACT
  • REPORTED LEARNING-DISABILITIES
  • EMPLOYMENT SATISFACTION
  • LITERACY SURVEY
  • YOUNG-ADULTS
  • TEACHERS
  • CHILDREN
  • EXPERIENCES
  • EMPLOYEES
  • COLLEGE

Cite this

@article{15f77c4ed61743ecb292f489f45e6bc1,
title = "Factors influencing work participation of adults with developmental dyslexia: a systematic review",
abstract = "Background: Evidence has been synthesized to determine hindering and facilitating factors associated with the work participation of adults with developmental dyslexia (DD), classified according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).Methods: A systematic literature review has been performed. Two search strings were used to determine the population and the context of work. The ICF was expanded with two subdivisions: one that made the environmental factors more work-related and a subdivision of personal factors. For data extraction the method known as qualitative metasummary was used and the manifest frequency effect size (MFES) for each category in the ICF was calculated.Results: From 33 included studies 318 factors have been extracted and classified in the ICF. In the classification the frequency of occurrences and the consistency in direction (i.e., hindering or facilitating) have been made visible. The ICF categories with the highest MFES were mental functions with factors like feelings and emotions about dyslexia; activities like reading or writing/spelling; participation with factors like acquiring and keeping a job; social relationships at work where the attitudes and support of the employer and co-workers are important; working conditions with factors like the availability of assistive technology and accommodations on the job; and personal factors like self-disclosure and coping strategies.Conclusions: In the context of work DD affects nearly all domains of functioning, mostly in a negative way. Within each domain the impact of DD increases over the course of life. To overcome that negative influence, many forms of adaptation, compensation, or coping are mentioned. Also notable is the lack of positive attitudes toward DD of the participants with DD-with the exception of the attitudes of teachers with DD-as well as on the part of colleagues, supervisors, and employers.",
keywords = "Adult, ICF, Developmental dyslexia, Work participation, WITH-DISABILITIES-ACT, REPORTED LEARNING-DISABILITIES, EMPLOYMENT SATISFACTION, LITERACY SURVEY, YOUNG-ADULTS, TEACHERS, CHILDREN, EXPERIENCES, EMPLOYEES, COLLEGE",
author = "{de Beer}, Joost and Josephine Engels and Yvonne Heerkens and {van der Klink}, Jac",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-14-77",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BMC",

}

Factors influencing work participation of adults with developmental dyslexia : a systematic review. / de Beer, Joost; Engels, Josephine; Heerkens, Yvonne; van der Klink, Jac.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 14, 77, 24.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors influencing work participation of adults with developmental dyslexia

T2 - a systematic review

AU - de Beer, Joost

AU - Engels, Josephine

AU - Heerkens, Yvonne

AU - van der Klink, Jac

PY - 2014/1/24

Y1 - 2014/1/24

N2 - Background: Evidence has been synthesized to determine hindering and facilitating factors associated with the work participation of adults with developmental dyslexia (DD), classified according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).Methods: A systematic literature review has been performed. Two search strings were used to determine the population and the context of work. The ICF was expanded with two subdivisions: one that made the environmental factors more work-related and a subdivision of personal factors. For data extraction the method known as qualitative metasummary was used and the manifest frequency effect size (MFES) for each category in the ICF was calculated.Results: From 33 included studies 318 factors have been extracted and classified in the ICF. In the classification the frequency of occurrences and the consistency in direction (i.e., hindering or facilitating) have been made visible. The ICF categories with the highest MFES were mental functions with factors like feelings and emotions about dyslexia; activities like reading or writing/spelling; participation with factors like acquiring and keeping a job; social relationships at work where the attitudes and support of the employer and co-workers are important; working conditions with factors like the availability of assistive technology and accommodations on the job; and personal factors like self-disclosure and coping strategies.Conclusions: In the context of work DD affects nearly all domains of functioning, mostly in a negative way. Within each domain the impact of DD increases over the course of life. To overcome that negative influence, many forms of adaptation, compensation, or coping are mentioned. Also notable is the lack of positive attitudes toward DD of the participants with DD-with the exception of the attitudes of teachers with DD-as well as on the part of colleagues, supervisors, and employers.

AB - Background: Evidence has been synthesized to determine hindering and facilitating factors associated with the work participation of adults with developmental dyslexia (DD), classified according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).Methods: A systematic literature review has been performed. Two search strings were used to determine the population and the context of work. The ICF was expanded with two subdivisions: one that made the environmental factors more work-related and a subdivision of personal factors. For data extraction the method known as qualitative metasummary was used and the manifest frequency effect size (MFES) for each category in the ICF was calculated.Results: From 33 included studies 318 factors have been extracted and classified in the ICF. In the classification the frequency of occurrences and the consistency in direction (i.e., hindering or facilitating) have been made visible. The ICF categories with the highest MFES were mental functions with factors like feelings and emotions about dyslexia; activities like reading or writing/spelling; participation with factors like acquiring and keeping a job; social relationships at work where the attitudes and support of the employer and co-workers are important; working conditions with factors like the availability of assistive technology and accommodations on the job; and personal factors like self-disclosure and coping strategies.Conclusions: In the context of work DD affects nearly all domains of functioning, mostly in a negative way. Within each domain the impact of DD increases over the course of life. To overcome that negative influence, many forms of adaptation, compensation, or coping are mentioned. Also notable is the lack of positive attitudes toward DD of the participants with DD-with the exception of the attitudes of teachers with DD-as well as on the part of colleagues, supervisors, and employers.

KW - Adult

KW - ICF

KW - Developmental dyslexia

KW - Work participation

KW - WITH-DISABILITIES-ACT

KW - REPORTED LEARNING-DISABILITIES

KW - EMPLOYMENT SATISFACTION

KW - LITERACY SURVEY

KW - YOUNG-ADULTS

KW - TEACHERS

KW - CHILDREN

KW - EXPERIENCES

KW - EMPLOYEES

KW - COLLEGE

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-77

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-77

M3 - Review article

VL - 14

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 77

ER -