Feasibility of eyes open alpha power training for mental enhancement in elite gymnasts

M.K.J. Dekker, B.R. van den Berg, A.J.M. Denissen, M.M. Sitskoorn, G.J.M. van Boxtel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This study focuses on a novel, easy to use and instruction-less method for mental training in athletes. Previous findings suggest that particular mental capacities are needed for achieving peak performance; including attentional control, focus, relaxation and positive affect. Electroencephalography (EEG) alpha brain activity has been associated with neural inhibition during processes of selective attention, for improving efficiency in information processing. Here we hypothesised that eyes open alpha power training by music teaches athletes to (1) learn to self-regulate their brain activity, and (2) learn to increase their baseline alpha power, herewith improving mental capacities such as focusing the allocation of attention. The study was double-blind and placebo-controlled. Twelve elite gymnasts were either given eyes open alpha power training or random beta power training (controls). Results indicate small improvements in sleep quality, mental and physical shape. In our first attempt at getting a grip on mental capacities in athletes, we think this novel training method can be promising. Because gymnastics is one of the most mentally demanding sports, we value even small benefits for the athlete and consider them indicative for future research.
Keywords: mental capacities, athletes, focus, eyes open alpha power training, neurofeedback
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1550-1560
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility of eyes open alpha power training for mental enhancement in elite gymnasts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this