Finding meaning in self-control

The effect of self-control on the perception of meaning in life

Olga Stavrova, Tila Pronk, Michail Kokkoris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The present research explored whether self-control is associated with the perception of meaning in life. A week-long daily diary study (Study 1) showed trait self-control (but not daily experiences of self-control failure) to be positively associated with a general sense of meaning in life and daily experiences of meaning. This association was robust against controlling for life satisfaction, positive and negative affect. Study 2 tested two potential mechanisms underlying the association between trait self-control and meaning in life: Successful goal progress and experience of structure in life. While self-control was positively associated with both, only the experience of structure predicted meaning: Self-control was positively related to the perception of one’s life as having a clear sense of structure and order, which in turn predicted a stronger perception of meaning. Study 3 replicated the mediation path via the experience of structure and showed it to be stronger for individuals high (vs. low) in the personal need for structure. The present findings add to the emerging literature on trait (and state) self-control and dispositional determinants of meaning in life.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSelf and Identity
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

Fingerprint

Life Change Events
Self-Control

Cite this

@article{1a7e844a9c944d459f0e56fb88f77132,
title = "Finding meaning in self-control: The effect of self-control on the perception of meaning in life",
abstract = "The present research explored whether self-control is associated with the perception of meaning in life. A week-long daily diary study (Study 1) showed trait self-control (but not daily experiences of self-control failure) to be positively associated with a general sense of meaning in life and daily experiences of meaning. This association was robust against controlling for life satisfaction, positive and negative affect. Study 2 tested two potential mechanisms underlying the association between trait self-control and meaning in life: Successful goal progress and experience of structure in life. While self-control was positively associated with both, only the experience of structure predicted meaning: Self-control was positively related to the perception of one’s life as having a clear sense of structure and order, which in turn predicted a stronger perception of meaning. Study 3 replicated the mediation path via the experience of structure and showed it to be stronger for individuals high (vs. low) in the personal need for structure. The present findings add to the emerging literature on trait (and state) self-control and dispositional determinants of meaning in life.",
author = "Olga Stavrova and Tila Pronk and Michail Kokkoris",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1080/15298868.2018.1558107",
language = "English",
journal = "Self and Identity",
issn = "1529-8868",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",

}

Finding meaning in self-control : The effect of self-control on the perception of meaning in life. / Stavrova, Olga; Pronk, Tila; Kokkoris, Michail.

In: Self and Identity, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Finding meaning in self-control

T2 - The effect of self-control on the perception of meaning in life

AU - Stavrova, Olga

AU - Pronk, Tila

AU - Kokkoris, Michail

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The present research explored whether self-control is associated with the perception of meaning in life. A week-long daily diary study (Study 1) showed trait self-control (but not daily experiences of self-control failure) to be positively associated with a general sense of meaning in life and daily experiences of meaning. This association was robust against controlling for life satisfaction, positive and negative affect. Study 2 tested two potential mechanisms underlying the association between trait self-control and meaning in life: Successful goal progress and experience of structure in life. While self-control was positively associated with both, only the experience of structure predicted meaning: Self-control was positively related to the perception of one’s life as having a clear sense of structure and order, which in turn predicted a stronger perception of meaning. Study 3 replicated the mediation path via the experience of structure and showed it to be stronger for individuals high (vs. low) in the personal need for structure. The present findings add to the emerging literature on trait (and state) self-control and dispositional determinants of meaning in life.

AB - The present research explored whether self-control is associated with the perception of meaning in life. A week-long daily diary study (Study 1) showed trait self-control (but not daily experiences of self-control failure) to be positively associated with a general sense of meaning in life and daily experiences of meaning. This association was robust against controlling for life satisfaction, positive and negative affect. Study 2 tested two potential mechanisms underlying the association between trait self-control and meaning in life: Successful goal progress and experience of structure in life. While self-control was positively associated with both, only the experience of structure predicted meaning: Self-control was positively related to the perception of one’s life as having a clear sense of structure and order, which in turn predicted a stronger perception of meaning. Study 3 replicated the mediation path via the experience of structure and showed it to be stronger for individuals high (vs. low) in the personal need for structure. The present findings add to the emerging literature on trait (and state) self-control and dispositional determinants of meaning in life.

U2 - 10.1080/15298868.2018.1558107

DO - 10.1080/15298868.2018.1558107

M3 - Article

JO - Self and Identity

JF - Self and Identity

SN - 1529-8868

ER -