Flexible assertive community treatment for individuals with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning: Client variables associated with treatment outcome

L.J. Neijmeijer*, H. Korzilius, Hans Kroon, H. Nijman, R. Didden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose
Recent research on flexible assertive community treatment (FACT) for individuals with mild intellectual disabilities (MID) or borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) has shown positive results. This paper aims to identify which client variables are associated with treatment outcome of FACT.

Design/methodology/approach
Analyses were performed on assessments made during a six-year longitudinal study in The Netherlands. Data comprised assessments of 281 clients with at least 2 measurements. Treatment outcome was measured by the learning disability version of the Health of the Nation Outcomes Scales. Demographic variables and dynamic risk variables of the short version of the Dynamic Risk Outcome Scales were selected as potential predictor variables of outcome. Data were analysed using linear mixed models.

Findings
Limited awareness of the need for treatment, limited treatment motivation and cooperation, limited social skills, impulsivity and substance abuse were significantly associated with worse treatment outcome. None of the demographic variables influenced treatment outcome significantly, and neither did intelligence quotient or having a judicial or civil measure.

Research limitations/implications
Because of the observational design, no causal inferences can be drawn.

Practical implications
This study produces guidelines regarding nature and scope of the treatment supply and the competences of professionals working in FACT MID/BIF teams.

Originality/value
This paper encourages other countries to make assertive outreach available for people with MID/BIF on a larger scale, taking into account the acquired insights.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-212
JournalAdvances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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