Foreign Currency Loans - Demand or Supply Driven?

M. Brown, K. Kirschenmann, S. Ongena

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Abstract

Motivated by current concerns over foreign currency exposures in emerging economies, we examine the currency denomination of business loans made in Bulgaria prior to the current crisis. We analyze information on the requested and granted currency for more than hundred thousand loans granted by one bank to sixty thousand different firms during the period 2003- 2007. This unique data set allows us to disentangle demand-side from supply-side determinants of foreign currency loans. We find that the bank in our sample often grants loans in foreign currency even when a firm requests a loan in local currency. The bank lends in foreign currency, not only to less risky firms, but also when the firm requested a large or long-term loan and after the bank itself received more funding in euro. These results suggest that foreign currency borrowing in Eastern Europe is not only be driven by borrowers who try to benefit from lower interest rates but may be partly supply-driven with banks hesitant to lend long-term in local currency and eager to match the currency structure of their assets and liabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherFinance
Number of pages49
Volume2009-78
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2009-78

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Loans
Foreign currency
Currency
Liability
Currency exposure
Bulgaria
Denomination
Borrowing
Supply side
Interest rates
Assets
Funding
Emerging economies
Eastern Europe

Keywords

  • foreign currency debt
  • banking

Cite this

Brown, M., Kirschenmann, K., & Ongena, S. (2009). Foreign Currency Loans - Demand or Supply Driven? (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2009-78). Tilburg: Finance.
Brown, M. ; Kirschenmann, K. ; Ongena, S. / Foreign Currency Loans - Demand or Supply Driven?. Tilburg : Finance, 2009. (CentER Discussion Paper).
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Brown, M, Kirschenmann, K & Ongena, S 2009 'Foreign Currency Loans - Demand or Supply Driven?' CentER Discussion Paper, vol. 2009-78, Finance, Tilburg.

Foreign Currency Loans - Demand or Supply Driven? / Brown, M.; Kirschenmann, K.; Ongena, S.

Tilburg : Finance, 2009. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2009-78).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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AB - Motivated by current concerns over foreign currency exposures in emerging economies, we examine the currency denomination of business loans made in Bulgaria prior to the current crisis. We analyze information on the requested and granted currency for more than hundred thousand loans granted by one bank to sixty thousand different firms during the period 2003- 2007. This unique data set allows us to disentangle demand-side from supply-side determinants of foreign currency loans. We find that the bank in our sample often grants loans in foreign currency even when a firm requests a loan in local currency. The bank lends in foreign currency, not only to less risky firms, but also when the firm requested a large or long-term loan and after the bank itself received more funding in euro. These results suggest that foreign currency borrowing in Eastern Europe is not only be driven by borrowers who try to benefit from lower interest rates but may be partly supply-driven with banks hesitant to lend long-term in local currency and eager to match the currency structure of their assets and liabilities.

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Brown M, Kirschenmann K, Ongena S. Foreign Currency Loans - Demand or Supply Driven? Tilburg: Finance. 2009. (CentER Discussion Paper).