Friendship selection and influence in bullying and defending

Effects of moral disengagement

J.J. Sijtsema, J.A. Rambaran, S.C.S. Caravita, G. Gini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The current study examined the development of bullying and defending over a 1-year period as related to friends’ influence and individual and friends’ moral disengagement (i.e., self-justification mechanisms that allow one to avoid moral self-censure of transgressive actions) in children and young adolescents. Via longitudinal social network analysis (RSiena), it was tested whether similarity between friends in bullying and defending developed over time due to friends’ influence, while controlling for friendship selection processes, and whether there were differences in these processes between children (age 9–10 years; n = 133; 42.9% girls) and young adolescents (age 11–14 years; n = 236; 40.6% girls). Results showed that individuals selected peers as friends who were similar in bullying and became more similar to friends in bullying over time, but only in early adolescence. Moreover, there was marginal support that friends’ influence was stronger in young adolescents with higher moral disengagement. In early adolescence, bullying was also indirectly influenced through friends’ moral disengagement, with different effects for boys and girls. With regard to defending, young adolescents maintained friendships with peers who were similar in defending, and became more similar to friends in terms of defending over time. These findings suggest important differences between late childhood and early adolescence in socialization processes and indicate that in early adolescence, friends’ influence on the development of bullying is partially affected by moral disengagement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2093-2104
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume50
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

disengagement
friendship
exclusion
adolescence
adolescent
network analysis
socialization
social network
childhood
time

Cite this

Sijtsema, J.J. ; Rambaran, J.A. ; Caravita, S.C.S. ; Gini, G. / Friendship selection and influence in bullying and defending : Effects of moral disengagement. In: Developmental Psychology. 2014 ; Vol. 50, No. 8. pp. 2093-2104.
@article{608a7c253ad04aa2a129c802308a61e2,
title = "Friendship selection and influence in bullying and defending: Effects of moral disengagement",
abstract = "The current study examined the development of bullying and defending over a 1-year period as related to friends’ influence and individual and friends’ moral disengagement (i.e., self-justification mechanisms that allow one to avoid moral self-censure of transgressive actions) in children and young adolescents. Via longitudinal social network analysis (RSiena), it was tested whether similarity between friends in bullying and defending developed over time due to friends’ influence, while controlling for friendship selection processes, and whether there were differences in these processes between children (age 9–10 years; n = 133; 42.9{\%} girls) and young adolescents (age 11–14 years; n = 236; 40.6{\%} girls). Results showed that individuals selected peers as friends who were similar in bullying and became more similar to friends in bullying over time, but only in early adolescence. Moreover, there was marginal support that friends’ influence was stronger in young adolescents with higher moral disengagement. In early adolescence, bullying was also indirectly influenced through friends’ moral disengagement, with different effects for boys and girls. With regard to defending, young adolescents maintained friendships with peers who were similar in defending, and became more similar to friends in terms of defending over time. These findings suggest important differences between late childhood and early adolescence in socialization processes and indicate that in early adolescence, friends’ influence on the development of bullying is partially affected by moral disengagement.",
author = "J.J. Sijtsema and J.A. Rambaran and S.C.S. Caravita and G. Gini",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1037/a0037145",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "2093--2104",
journal = "Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0012-1649",
publisher = "AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC",
number = "8",

}

Friendship selection and influence in bullying and defending : Effects of moral disengagement. / Sijtsema, J.J.; Rambaran, J.A.; Caravita, S.C.S.; Gini, G.

In: Developmental Psychology, Vol. 50, No. 8, 2014, p. 2093-2104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Friendship selection and influence in bullying and defending

T2 - Effects of moral disengagement

AU - Sijtsema, J.J.

AU - Rambaran, J.A.

AU - Caravita, S.C.S.

AU - Gini, G.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The current study examined the development of bullying and defending over a 1-year period as related to friends’ influence and individual and friends’ moral disengagement (i.e., self-justification mechanisms that allow one to avoid moral self-censure of transgressive actions) in children and young adolescents. Via longitudinal social network analysis (RSiena), it was tested whether similarity between friends in bullying and defending developed over time due to friends’ influence, while controlling for friendship selection processes, and whether there were differences in these processes between children (age 9–10 years; n = 133; 42.9% girls) and young adolescents (age 11–14 years; n = 236; 40.6% girls). Results showed that individuals selected peers as friends who were similar in bullying and became more similar to friends in bullying over time, but only in early adolescence. Moreover, there was marginal support that friends’ influence was stronger in young adolescents with higher moral disengagement. In early adolescence, bullying was also indirectly influenced through friends’ moral disengagement, with different effects for boys and girls. With regard to defending, young adolescents maintained friendships with peers who were similar in defending, and became more similar to friends in terms of defending over time. These findings suggest important differences between late childhood and early adolescence in socialization processes and indicate that in early adolescence, friends’ influence on the development of bullying is partially affected by moral disengagement.

AB - The current study examined the development of bullying and defending over a 1-year period as related to friends’ influence and individual and friends’ moral disengagement (i.e., self-justification mechanisms that allow one to avoid moral self-censure of transgressive actions) in children and young adolescents. Via longitudinal social network analysis (RSiena), it was tested whether similarity between friends in bullying and defending developed over time due to friends’ influence, while controlling for friendship selection processes, and whether there were differences in these processes between children (age 9–10 years; n = 133; 42.9% girls) and young adolescents (age 11–14 years; n = 236; 40.6% girls). Results showed that individuals selected peers as friends who were similar in bullying and became more similar to friends in bullying over time, but only in early adolescence. Moreover, there was marginal support that friends’ influence was stronger in young adolescents with higher moral disengagement. In early adolescence, bullying was also indirectly influenced through friends’ moral disengagement, with different effects for boys and girls. With regard to defending, young adolescents maintained friendships with peers who were similar in defending, and became more similar to friends in terms of defending over time. These findings suggest important differences between late childhood and early adolescence in socialization processes and indicate that in early adolescence, friends’ influence on the development of bullying is partially affected by moral disengagement.

U2 - 10.1037/a0037145

DO - 10.1037/a0037145

M3 - Article

VL - 50

SP - 2093

EP - 2104

JO - Developmental Psychology

JF - Developmental Psychology

SN - 0012-1649

IS - 8

ER -