From a collection of identities to collective identity

Evidence from mainstream and minority adolescents in Bulgaria

R. Dimitrova, A. Chasiotis, M. Bender, F.J.R. van de Vijver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We studied collective identity and psychological well-being in Bulgarian adolescents (305 mainstreamers, 278 Turkish-Bulgarians, and 183 Muslim-Bulgarians). Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian minorities (ethnic Bulgarians converted to Islam during the Ottoman Empire) have been subjected to severe assimilation policies until recently. A multigroup confirmatory analysis showed that ethnic, religious, and familial identities were significantly and positively related to a single underlying factor we labeled collective identity. Bulgarian identity was unrelated to collective identity in the Turkish-Bulgarian group. As expected, mainstream adolescents showed a stronger Bulgarian and weaker religious identity than Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian adolescents. In all groups, individuals with a stronger collective identity reported higher levels of well-being. We conclude that the concept of collective identity is useful to link various identity components to well-being of youth from different ethnic groups.
Keywords: ethnic identity, familial identity, religious identity, Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian minority, well-being
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-367
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Islam
collective identity
Bulgaria
minority
adolescent
Muslim
well-being
evidence
Ottoman Empire
assimilation policy
ethnic identity
national minority
Collective Identity
Minorities
ethnic group
Group
Muslims
Well-being

Cite this

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title = "From a collection of identities to collective identity: Evidence from mainstream and minority adolescents in Bulgaria",
abstract = "We studied collective identity and psychological well-being in Bulgarian adolescents (305 mainstreamers, 278 Turkish-Bulgarians, and 183 Muslim-Bulgarians). Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian minorities (ethnic Bulgarians converted to Islam during the Ottoman Empire) have been subjected to severe assimilation policies until recently. A multigroup confirmatory analysis showed that ethnic, religious, and familial identities were significantly and positively related to a single underlying factor we labeled collective identity. Bulgarian identity was unrelated to collective identity in the Turkish-Bulgarian group. As expected, mainstream adolescents showed a stronger Bulgarian and weaker religious identity than Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian adolescents. In all groups, individuals with a stronger collective identity reported higher levels of well-being. We conclude that the concept of collective identity is useful to link various identity components to well-being of youth from different ethnic groups.Keywords: ethnic identity, familial identity, religious identity, Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian minority, well-being",
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From a collection of identities to collective identity : Evidence from mainstream and minority adolescents in Bulgaria. / Dimitrova, R.; Chasiotis, A.; Bender, M.; van de Vijver, F.J.R.

In: Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 48, No. 4, 2014, p. 339-367.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T2 - Evidence from mainstream and minority adolescents in Bulgaria

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AU - Chasiotis, A.

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AB - We studied collective identity and psychological well-being in Bulgarian adolescents (305 mainstreamers, 278 Turkish-Bulgarians, and 183 Muslim-Bulgarians). Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian minorities (ethnic Bulgarians converted to Islam during the Ottoman Empire) have been subjected to severe assimilation policies until recently. A multigroup confirmatory analysis showed that ethnic, religious, and familial identities were significantly and positively related to a single underlying factor we labeled collective identity. Bulgarian identity was unrelated to collective identity in the Turkish-Bulgarian group. As expected, mainstream adolescents showed a stronger Bulgarian and weaker religious identity than Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian adolescents. In all groups, individuals with a stronger collective identity reported higher levels of well-being. We conclude that the concept of collective identity is useful to link various identity components to well-being of youth from different ethnic groups.Keywords: ethnic identity, familial identity, religious identity, Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian minority, well-being

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