From gray to green cities: Tilburg, Melbourne, San Jose, and Cape Town

Cor van Montfort, A.M.B. Michels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


In recent decades, many cities have transformed from ‘gray’ into ‘green’ cities. The awareness of the value of green space in the city has grown; urban nature and green rooftops filter the air, and parks and green corridors offer city residents relatively quiet places of refuge, where they can walk and relax. In this chapter, the authors explore four cities that have been successful in the transformation into a green city: Tilburg (Netherlands), Melbourne (Australia), San Jose (USA), and Cape Town (South Africa). They discuss the drivers for this transformation (why), what was done to make the city greener (what), and how partnerships between the city government, companies, NGOs, and citizens played a role in this transformation (how). The chapter also analyses some of the main factors that contributed to this transformation, including the role of the city government in initiating and supporting a green policy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPartnerships for livable cities
EditorsCor van Montfort, Ank Michels
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-40060-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-40059-0
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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