From Italian pushbacks to Libyan pullbacks: Is Hirsi 2.0 in the making in Strasbourg?

Annick Pijnenburg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    This article discusses the application that was recently lodged with the European Court of Human Rights alleging that Italy is responsible for its involvement in pullbacks by the Libyan coast guard. It places the case in the wider context of migration control policies and the Hirsi case in particular. The article examines different pullback scenarios which feature in the application lodged with the Court, and discusses different ways in which the Court can address the issues raised. The analysis focuses particularly on the question whether the Court is likely to find that Italy exercises jurisdiction and whether Italy could incur derived responsibility for its involvement in the pullbacks. The article concludes by suggesting that holding Italy responsible would require the Court to move beyond established precedent in its case-law. Although this is a move which can be difficult to make given the political tide in Europe, it would not be the first time that the Court takes its case-law, and thereby human rights protection, a step further.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)396-426
    Number of pages31
    JournalEuropean Journal of Migration and Law
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018


    • European Court of Human Rights
    • pullbacks
    • migration control
    • Hirsi
    • Italy
    • Libya
    • responsibility


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