Funded pensions and international and intergenerational risk sharing in general equilibrium

R.M.W.J. Beetsma, A.L. Bovenberg, W.E. Romp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


We explore intergenerational and international risk sharing in a general equilibrium multiple-country model with two-tier pensions systems. The exact design of the pension system is key for the way in which risks are shared over generations. The laissez-faire market solution fails to provide an optimal allocation because the young cannot share in the financial risks. However, the existence of wage-indexed bonds combined with a pension system with a fully funded second tier that pays defined wage-indexed benefits can reproduce the first best. If wage-indexed bonds are not available, mimicking the first best is not possible, except under special circumstances. We also explore whether national pension funds want to deviate from the first best by increasing domestic equity holdings. With wage-indexed bonds this incentive is absent, while there is indeed such an incentive when wage-indexed bonds do not exist.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1516-1534
JournalJournal of International Money and Finance
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011


Dive into the research topics of 'Funded pensions and international and intergenerational risk sharing in general equilibrium'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this