Future time perspective: A systematic review and meta-analysis

T.A.M. Kooij, R. Kanfer, M. Betts, C.W. Rudolph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)
199 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The ability to foresee, anticipate, and plan for future desired outcomes is crucial for wellbeing, motivation, and behavior. However, theories in organizational psychology do not incorporate time-related constructs such as Future Time Perspective (FTP), and research on FTP remains disjointed and scattered, with different domains focusing on different aspects of the construct, using different measures, and assessing different antecedents and consequences. In this
review and meta-analysis, we aim to clarify the FTP construct, advance its theoretical development, and demonstrate its importance by: (a) integrating theory and empirical findings across different domains of research in order to identify major outcomes and antecedents of FTP, and (b) empirically examining whether and how these variables are moderated by FTP measures and dimensions. Results of a meta-analysis of k = 212 studies reveal significant relationships between FTP and major classes of consequences (i.e., those related to achievement, well-being, health behavior, risk behavior, and retirement planning), and between antecedents and FTP, as well as moderating effects of different FTP measures and dimensions. Highlighting the importance of FTP for organizational psychology theories, our findings demonstrate that FTP
predicts these outcomes over-and-above the big five personality traits and mediates the associations between these personality traits and outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-893
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume103
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • ACADEMICALLY TALENTED ADOLESCENTS
  • ADAPT-ABILITIES SCALE
  • AGE-DIFFERENCES
  • BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • GENERAL SELF-EFFICACY
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • POSITIVE HEALTH PRACTICES
  • REGULATORY FOCUS
  • future time perspective
  • integrative review
  • meta-analysis
  • nomological network

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