Gender differences in child aggression

Relations with gender-differentiated parenting and parents’ gender stereotypes

J. J. Endendijk, M.G. Groeneveld, L.D. Van der Pol, S. R. van Berkel, E.T. Hallers-Haalboom, M. J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, J. Mesman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This longitudinal study examines the association between child gender and child aggression via parents’ physical control, moderated by parents’ gender-role stereotypes in a sample of 299 two-parent families with a 3-year-old child in the Netherlands. Fathers with strong stereotypical gender-role attitudes and mothers were observed to use more physical control strategies with boys than with girls, whereas fathers with strong counterstereotypical attitudes toward gender roles used more physical control with girls than with boys. Moreover, when fathers had strong attitudes toward gender roles (stereotypical or counterstereotypical), their differential treatment of boys and girls completely accounted for the gender differences in children's aggressive behavior a year later. Mothers’ gender-differentiated parenting practices were unrelated to gender differences in child aggression.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-316
JournalChild Development
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Parenting
aggression
stereotype
gender-specific factors
parents
gender role
Parents
gender
father
Fathers
aggressive behavior
Mothers
longitudinal study
Netherlands
Child Behavior

Cite this

Endendijk, J. J., Groeneveld, M. G., Van der Pol, L. D., van Berkel, S. R., Hallers-Haalboom, E. T., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & Mesman, J. (2017). Gender differences in child aggression: Relations with gender-differentiated parenting and parents’ gender stereotypes. Child Development, 88(1), 299-316. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12589
Endendijk, J. J. ; Groeneveld, M.G. ; Van der Pol, L.D. ; van Berkel, S. R. ; Hallers-Haalboom, E.T. ; Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J. ; Mesman, J. / Gender differences in child aggression : Relations with gender-differentiated parenting and parents’ gender stereotypes. In: Child Development. 2017 ; Vol. 88, No. 1. pp. 299-316.
@article{c91095dcd3b14cd5a0500752ae97358f,
title = "Gender differences in child aggression: Relations with gender-differentiated parenting and parents’ gender stereotypes",
abstract = "This longitudinal study examines the association between child gender and child aggression via parents’ physical control, moderated by parents’ gender-role stereotypes in a sample of 299 two-parent families with a 3-year-old child in the Netherlands. Fathers with strong stereotypical gender-role attitudes and mothers were observed to use more physical control strategies with boys than with girls, whereas fathers with strong counterstereotypical attitudes toward gender roles used more physical control with girls than with boys. Moreover, when fathers had strong attitudes toward gender roles (stereotypical or counterstereotypical), their differential treatment of boys and girls completely accounted for the gender differences in children's aggressive behavior a year later. Mothers’ gender-differentiated parenting practices were unrelated to gender differences in child aggression.",
author = "Endendijk, {J. J.} and M.G. Groeneveld and {Van der Pol}, L.D. and {van Berkel}, {S. R.} and E.T. Hallers-Haalboom and Bakermans-Kranenburg, {M. J.} and J. Mesman",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1111/cdev.12589",
language = "English",
volume = "88",
pages = "299--316",
journal = "Child Development",
issn = "0009-3920",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

}

Endendijk, JJ, Groeneveld, MG, Van der Pol, LD, van Berkel, SR, Hallers-Haalboom, ET, Bakermans-Kranenburg, MJ & Mesman, J 2017, 'Gender differences in child aggression: Relations with gender-differentiated parenting and parents’ gender stereotypes', Child Development, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 299-316. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12589

Gender differences in child aggression : Relations with gender-differentiated parenting and parents’ gender stereotypes. / Endendijk, J. J.; Groeneveld, M.G.; Van der Pol, L.D.; van Berkel, S. R.; Hallers-Haalboom, E.T.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J.; Mesman, J.

In: Child Development, Vol. 88, No. 1, 2017, p. 299-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender differences in child aggression

T2 - Relations with gender-differentiated parenting and parents’ gender stereotypes

AU - Endendijk, J. J.

AU - Groeneveld, M.G.

AU - Van der Pol, L.D.

AU - van Berkel, S. R.

AU - Hallers-Haalboom, E.T.

AU - Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J.

AU - Mesman, J.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - This longitudinal study examines the association between child gender and child aggression via parents’ physical control, moderated by parents’ gender-role stereotypes in a sample of 299 two-parent families with a 3-year-old child in the Netherlands. Fathers with strong stereotypical gender-role attitudes and mothers were observed to use more physical control strategies with boys than with girls, whereas fathers with strong counterstereotypical attitudes toward gender roles used more physical control with girls than with boys. Moreover, when fathers had strong attitudes toward gender roles (stereotypical or counterstereotypical), their differential treatment of boys and girls completely accounted for the gender differences in children's aggressive behavior a year later. Mothers’ gender-differentiated parenting practices were unrelated to gender differences in child aggression.

AB - This longitudinal study examines the association between child gender and child aggression via parents’ physical control, moderated by parents’ gender-role stereotypes in a sample of 299 two-parent families with a 3-year-old child in the Netherlands. Fathers with strong stereotypical gender-role attitudes and mothers were observed to use more physical control strategies with boys than with girls, whereas fathers with strong counterstereotypical attitudes toward gender roles used more physical control with girls than with boys. Moreover, when fathers had strong attitudes toward gender roles (stereotypical or counterstereotypical), their differential treatment of boys and girls completely accounted for the gender differences in children's aggressive behavior a year later. Mothers’ gender-differentiated parenting practices were unrelated to gender differences in child aggression.

U2 - 10.1111/cdev.12589

DO - 10.1111/cdev.12589

M3 - Article

VL - 88

SP - 299

EP - 316

JO - Child Development

JF - Child Development

SN - 0009-3920

IS - 1

ER -

Endendijk JJ, Groeneveld MG, Van der Pol LD, van Berkel SR, Hallers-Haalboom ET, Bakermans-Kranenburg MJ et al. Gender differences in child aggression: Relations with gender-differentiated parenting and parents’ gender stereotypes. Child Development. 2017;88(1):299-316. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12589