Governance of data sharing: A law & economics proposal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Downloads (Pure)


To prevent market tipping, which inhibits innovation, there is an urgent need to mandate sharing of user information in data-driven markets. Existing legal mechanisms to impose data sharing under EU competition law and data portability under the GDPR are not sufficient to tackle this problem. Mandated data sharing requires the design of a governance structure that combines elements of economically efficient centralization with legally necessary decentralization. We identify three feasible options. One is to centralize investigations and enforcement in a European Data Sharing Agency (EDSA), while decision-making power lies with National Competition Authorities in a Board of Supervisors. The second option is to set up a Data Sharing Cooperation Network coordinated through a European Data Sharing Board, with the National Competition Authority best placed to run the investigation adjudicating and enforcing the mandatory data-sharing decision across the EU. A third option is to mix both governance structures and to task national authorities to investigate and adjudicate and the EU-level EDSA with enforcement of data sharing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104330
JournalResearch Policy: A Journal devoted to Research Policy, Research Management and Planning
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Data sharing
  • data-driven markets
  • economic governance
  • competition law
  • data protection
  • regulation


Dive into the research topics of 'Governance of data sharing: A law & economics proposal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this