Grief reactions, depression, and anxiety following job loss: Patterns and correlates

J.H.W. van Eersel, T.W. Taris, P.A. Boelen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Background: Research on grief, depression, and anxiety reactions following job loss is sparse. More insight in this matter could be important for the development of preventive and curative interventions targeting different manifestations of emotional distress following job loss, including grief reactions. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine job loss-related grief reactions in relation to depression and anxiety symptoms. Method: A sample of 525 Dutch workers (59.8% women, mean age of 50.6 years) who had lost their job was recruited. Latent class analysis was used to examine whether separate classes could be distinguished based on the endorsement of grief reactions and symptoms of depression of anxiety. We also examined factors associated with class membership. Results: Four classes were identified, including a so-called ‘mixed’, a ‘grieving’, a ‘depressed’, and a ‘resilient’ class. Job loss circumstances and coping strategies (but not socio-demographic and work characteristics) were associated with class membership. Conclusion: These results shed light on unique characteristics that might be targeted with specific clinical methods to increase mental health of different subgroups of individuals confronted with job loss.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Job loss
  • anxiety
  • coping
  • depression
  • grief reactions
  • latent class analysis


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