Heads-up: Head movements during ad exposure respond to consumer goals and predict brand memory

Rik Pieters, M. Wedel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


In day-to-day settings, eye movements of consumers are accompanied by subtle forward and backward movements of the head. The present research is the first to examine the resulting distance of the head to the stimulus, jointly with eye movements during consumers' exposure to advertising. We present the results of two eye tracking studies with different samples of respondents (total n = 362), different samples of ads (total n = 34), and different experimental set-ups and designs. We show that these subtle forward-backward head movements during ad exposure respond to consumer's processing goals, and predict subsequent brand memory, independent of eye-movements. We discuss the implications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Business Research
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Nov 2018



  • eye movements
  • head movements
  • goals
  • advertising
  • attention

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