Health condition and risk attitude in the Dutch population: An exploratory approach

Jesus Martin-Fernandez, Hector Medina Palomino, Gloria Ariza-Cardiel, Elena Polentinos-Castro , Anne-Francoise Rutkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Risk is a central aspect of health condition because attitudes towards risk may influence the inclination to adopt behaviours that can influence health condition. Taking preventive health care measures or purchasing a private health insurance are examples of decisions individuals make based on their preferences. This study analysed the relationship between health condition and behaviour under conditions of uncertainty and examined personal characteristics related to risk behaviour. Data was obtained from a survey on a representative sample of the Dutch adult population (n = 2,822) conducted between May and June of 2014. Risk attitude was assessed through a self-reported scale and risk behaviours through a simulated lottery game, both included in the same survey. The relationship between risk attitudes and behaviours was examined, as well as certain socio-economic variables, including health condition, demographic characteristics, social status, and confidence in government institutions. Surveyed participants perceived themselves as risk-avoiding. However, their behaviour tended to be risk-seeking when playing lottery games, even when they faced potential (but limited) economic losses. Participants with poorer mental health condition tended to be less risk-inclined, which was not the case for participants who reported poor general health status. Participants feeling a higher satisfaction with their lives were willing to take greater risks in the lottery games. These findings allow for understanding risk behaviour as the interaction between personal perception of risk attitude and the assessment of risk associated to a specific situation. This assessment may be directly modulated by one’s state of mind and not by physical health condition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-146
JournalHealth Risk & Society
Volume20
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Mental Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • risk
  • health condition
  • risk-taking
  • lottery choice experiment
  • decision-making

Cite this

Martin-Fernandez, J., Medina Palomino, H., Ariza-Cardiel, G., Polentinos-Castro , E., & Rutkowski, A-F. (2018). Health condition and risk attitude in the Dutch population: An exploratory approach. Health Risk & Society, 20(3-4), 126-146. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698575.2018.1458976
Martin-Fernandez, Jesus ; Medina Palomino, Hector ; Ariza-Cardiel, Gloria ; Polentinos-Castro , Elena ; Rutkowski, Anne-Francoise. / Health condition and risk attitude in the Dutch population : An exploratory approach. In: Health Risk & Society. 2018 ; Vol. 20, No. 3-4. pp. 126-146.
@article{32695f30c0304250b1484f7e85fd58ba,
title = "Health condition and risk attitude in the Dutch population: An exploratory approach",
abstract = "Risk is a central aspect of health condition because attitudes towards risk may influence the inclination to adopt behaviours that can influence health condition. Taking preventive health care measures or purchasing a private health insurance are examples of decisions individuals make based on their preferences. This study analysed the relationship between health condition and behaviour under conditions of uncertainty and examined personal characteristics related to risk behaviour. Data was obtained from a survey on a representative sample of the Dutch adult population (n = 2,822) conducted between May and June of 2014. Risk attitude was assessed through a self-reported scale and risk behaviours through a simulated lottery game, both included in the same survey. The relationship between risk attitudes and behaviours was examined, as well as certain socio-economic variables, including health condition, demographic characteristics, social status, and confidence in government institutions. Surveyed participants perceived themselves as risk-avoiding. However, their behaviour tended to be risk-seeking when playing lottery games, even when they faced potential (but limited) economic losses. Participants with poorer mental health condition tended to be less risk-inclined, which was not the case for participants who reported poor general health status. Participants feeling a higher satisfaction with their lives were willing to take greater risks in the lottery games. These findings allow for understanding risk behaviour as the interaction between personal perception of risk attitude and the assessment of risk associated to a specific situation. This assessment may be directly modulated by one’s state of mind and not by physical health condition.",
keywords = "risk, health condition, risk-taking, lottery choice experiment, decision-making",
author = "Jesus Martin-Fernandez and {Medina Palomino}, Hector and Gloria Ariza-Cardiel and Elena Polentinos-Castro and Anne-Francoise Rutkowski",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1080/13698575.2018.1458976",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "126--146",
journal = "Health Risk & Society",
issn = "1369-8575",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3-4",

}

Martin-Fernandez, J, Medina Palomino, H, Ariza-Cardiel, G, Polentinos-Castro , E & Rutkowski, A-F 2018, 'Health condition and risk attitude in the Dutch population: An exploratory approach' Health Risk & Society, vol. 20, no. 3-4, pp. 126-146. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698575.2018.1458976

Health condition and risk attitude in the Dutch population : An exploratory approach. / Martin-Fernandez, Jesus; Medina Palomino, Hector; Ariza-Cardiel, Gloria; Polentinos-Castro , Elena ; Rutkowski, Anne-Francoise.

In: Health Risk & Society, Vol. 20, No. 3-4, 03.2018, p. 126-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Health condition and risk attitude in the Dutch population

T2 - An exploratory approach

AU - Martin-Fernandez, Jesus

AU - Medina Palomino, Hector

AU - Ariza-Cardiel, Gloria

AU - Polentinos-Castro , Elena

AU - Rutkowski, Anne-Francoise

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - Risk is a central aspect of health condition because attitudes towards risk may influence the inclination to adopt behaviours that can influence health condition. Taking preventive health care measures or purchasing a private health insurance are examples of decisions individuals make based on their preferences. This study analysed the relationship between health condition and behaviour under conditions of uncertainty and examined personal characteristics related to risk behaviour. Data was obtained from a survey on a representative sample of the Dutch adult population (n = 2,822) conducted between May and June of 2014. Risk attitude was assessed through a self-reported scale and risk behaviours through a simulated lottery game, both included in the same survey. The relationship between risk attitudes and behaviours was examined, as well as certain socio-economic variables, including health condition, demographic characteristics, social status, and confidence in government institutions. Surveyed participants perceived themselves as risk-avoiding. However, their behaviour tended to be risk-seeking when playing lottery games, even when they faced potential (but limited) economic losses. Participants with poorer mental health condition tended to be less risk-inclined, which was not the case for participants who reported poor general health status. Participants feeling a higher satisfaction with their lives were willing to take greater risks in the lottery games. These findings allow for understanding risk behaviour as the interaction between personal perception of risk attitude and the assessment of risk associated to a specific situation. This assessment may be directly modulated by one’s state of mind and not by physical health condition.

AB - Risk is a central aspect of health condition because attitudes towards risk may influence the inclination to adopt behaviours that can influence health condition. Taking preventive health care measures or purchasing a private health insurance are examples of decisions individuals make based on their preferences. This study analysed the relationship between health condition and behaviour under conditions of uncertainty and examined personal characteristics related to risk behaviour. Data was obtained from a survey on a representative sample of the Dutch adult population (n = 2,822) conducted between May and June of 2014. Risk attitude was assessed through a self-reported scale and risk behaviours through a simulated lottery game, both included in the same survey. The relationship between risk attitudes and behaviours was examined, as well as certain socio-economic variables, including health condition, demographic characteristics, social status, and confidence in government institutions. Surveyed participants perceived themselves as risk-avoiding. However, their behaviour tended to be risk-seeking when playing lottery games, even when they faced potential (but limited) economic losses. Participants with poorer mental health condition tended to be less risk-inclined, which was not the case for participants who reported poor general health status. Participants feeling a higher satisfaction with their lives were willing to take greater risks in the lottery games. These findings allow for understanding risk behaviour as the interaction between personal perception of risk attitude and the assessment of risk associated to a specific situation. This assessment may be directly modulated by one’s state of mind and not by physical health condition.

KW - risk

KW - health condition

KW - risk-taking

KW - lottery choice experiment

KW - decision-making

U2 - 10.1080/13698575.2018.1458976

DO - 10.1080/13698575.2018.1458976

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 126

EP - 146

JO - Health Risk & Society

JF - Health Risk & Society

SN - 1369-8575

IS - 3-4

ER -