Health related quality of life among cancer patients in their last year of life: Results from the PROFILES registry

N.J.H. Raijmakers*, M. Zijlstra, J. van Roij, O. Husson, S. Oerlemans, L.V. van de Poll-Franse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose
The aim of this study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the last year of life of cancer patients stratified by four periods of time before death.
Patients and methods
Between 2008 and 2015, cancer patients were invited to participate in PROFILES (Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial Treatment and Long-term Evaluation of Survivorship) registry studies. Patients were eligible for inclusion in this secondary analysis if they had been invited to complete the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) in their last year of life (N = 892). Four hundred fifty-eight patients (51%) responded. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the HRQoL of cancer patients in the last 3 months of life (N = 61), the last 3-6 months (N = 110), the last 6-9 months (N = 138), or the last 9-12 months of their life (N = 129).
Results
Patients in the last 3 months report a significant lower HRQoL, lower functioning, and higher symptom burden of fatigue and appetite loss compared to patients in different time periods before death (p < 0.008). Clinical relevance of the differences for global QoL, cognitive, and social functioning was large. Patients' HRQoL in the last year of life was significantly lower than that of the normative population (p < 0.001).
Conclusions
All aspects of HRQoL are considerably impaired in patients with advanced cancer, with a marked lower HRQoL in the final months of life. This marked decline of HRQoL in the final months of life may be an indicator of approaching death and serve as an important trigger for end-of-life communication and decision-making about subsequent treatment and supportive care
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3397–3404
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Advanced cancer
  • PALLIATIVE CARE
  • Palliative care
  • Population-based cohort
  • QLQ-C30
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • Quality of life
  • REPORTED OUTCOMES
  • VALIDATION

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