Hermeneutics of the Doctrine of Election in Aquinas

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


    The doctrine of divine election evokes the image of an unjust God,
    who chooses and rejects people randomly. The theories of universal
    salvation and of conditional election counter this image but offer a
    way out that is too easy. Moreover Thomas Aquinas rejects both theories.
    The common picture of divine election, as illustrated by various
    sixteenth and seventeenth theologians like Báñez, Molina, Bellarmine
    and the Calvinists is to view God as first knowing all possible
    individuals and then selecting some of them while bypassing
    others. This picture is indebted to a Scotist metaphysics of the priority
    of possibles and of haecceities. In this paper it is argued that
    Aquinas has a different perspective. Instead of the top-down view,
    presented in the common picture, he has a bottom-up approach in
    which talking about the eternal election of concrete persons presupposes
    that these persons are considered in their present and future
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSan Tommaso e la Salvezza
    EditorsSerge-Thomas Bonino, Guido Mazzotta
    Place of PublicationRome
    PublisherUrbaniana University Press
    Number of pages12
    ISBN (Print)978-88-401-9036-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2020
    EventSessione Plenaria XIX Pontifica Academia Sancti Thomae Aquinatis - Palazzo del Sant'Uffizio, Holy See (Vatican City)
    Duration: 14 Jun 201915 Jun 2019

    Publication series

    NameDoctor Communis
    PublisherUrbaniana University Press


    ConferenceSessione Plenaria XIX Pontifica Academia Sancti Thomae Aquinatis
    Country/TerritoryHoly See (Vatican City)


    • Thomas Aquinas
    • middle knowledge
    • election


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