How do female entrepreneurs in developing countries cope with role conflict?

Mulu Hundera, Geert Duijsters, Wim Naudé, Josette Dijkhuizen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose
Female entrepreneurs often face significant conflicts in allocating time and resources to the various roles demanded of them by their communities. This has been identified as a potential obstacle to their performance as entrepreneurs. This paper aims to examine the question: How do women cope with role conflict?

Design/methodology/approach
The authors tackled the question by conducting a survey that involved 307 female business owners in Ethiopia. The survey result was supported by 20 in-depth interviews.

Findings
The commonest coping strategies identified were negotiation, committing to the entrepreneurial role, committing to social roles, pleasing all, seeking social support and hiring outside support. A multivariate analysis of variance revealed that these coping strategies differed across the various stages of business growth. Meanwhile, structural equation modeling established that female business owners with high levels of personal resources (such as optimism, self-efficacy and resilience) committed more to their entrepreneurial roles than to their social roles.

Originality/value
This research contributes knowledge on coping strategies among female entrepreneurs in sub-Saharan Africa, where family structure and orientation, the economy and social development differ from those in developed countries. The research also integrates the lines of empirical research on coping strategies with the process-based view of entrepreneurship.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-145
JournalInternational Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Developing countries
Role conflict
Female entrepreneurs
Coping strategies
Entrepreneurs
Resources
Owners
Optimism
Sub-Saharan Africa
Structural equation modeling
In-depth interviews
Empirical research
Ethiopia
Resilience
Hiring
Social development
Family structure
Business growth
Self-efficacy
Multivariate analysis of variance

Keywords

  • entrepreneurship
  • women
  • personal resources
  • strategies for coping with role conflict

Cite this

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title = "How do female entrepreneurs in developing countries cope with role conflict?",
abstract = "PurposeFemale entrepreneurs often face significant conflicts in allocating time and resources to the various roles demanded of them by their communities. This has been identified as a potential obstacle to their performance as entrepreneurs. This paper aims to examine the question: How do women cope with role conflict?Design/methodology/approachThe authors tackled the question by conducting a survey that involved 307 female business owners in Ethiopia. The survey result was supported by 20 in-depth interviews.FindingsThe commonest coping strategies identified were negotiation, committing to the entrepreneurial role, committing to social roles, pleasing all, seeking social support and hiring outside support. A multivariate analysis of variance revealed that these coping strategies differed across the various stages of business growth. Meanwhile, structural equation modeling established that female business owners with high levels of personal resources (such as optimism, self-efficacy and resilience) committed more to their entrepreneurial roles than to their social roles.Originality/valueThis research contributes knowledge on coping strategies among female entrepreneurs in sub-Saharan Africa, where family structure and orientation, the economy and social development differ from those in developed countries. The research also integrates the lines of empirical research on coping strategies with the process-based view of entrepreneurship.",
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How do female entrepreneurs in developing countries cope with role conflict? / Hundera, Mulu; Duijsters, Geert; Naudé, Wim; Dijkhuizen, Josette.

In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 11, No. 2, 06.2019, p. 120-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - How do female entrepreneurs in developing countries cope with role conflict?

AU - Hundera, Mulu

AU - Duijsters, Geert

AU - Naudé, Wim

AU - Dijkhuizen, Josette

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Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - PurposeFemale entrepreneurs often face significant conflicts in allocating time and resources to the various roles demanded of them by their communities. This has been identified as a potential obstacle to their performance as entrepreneurs. This paper aims to examine the question: How do women cope with role conflict?Design/methodology/approachThe authors tackled the question by conducting a survey that involved 307 female business owners in Ethiopia. The survey result was supported by 20 in-depth interviews.FindingsThe commonest coping strategies identified were negotiation, committing to the entrepreneurial role, committing to social roles, pleasing all, seeking social support and hiring outside support. A multivariate analysis of variance revealed that these coping strategies differed across the various stages of business growth. Meanwhile, structural equation modeling established that female business owners with high levels of personal resources (such as optimism, self-efficacy and resilience) committed more to their entrepreneurial roles than to their social roles.Originality/valueThis research contributes knowledge on coping strategies among female entrepreneurs in sub-Saharan Africa, where family structure and orientation, the economy and social development differ from those in developed countries. The research also integrates the lines of empirical research on coping strategies with the process-based view of entrepreneurship.

AB - PurposeFemale entrepreneurs often face significant conflicts in allocating time and resources to the various roles demanded of them by their communities. This has been identified as a potential obstacle to their performance as entrepreneurs. This paper aims to examine the question: How do women cope with role conflict?Design/methodology/approachThe authors tackled the question by conducting a survey that involved 307 female business owners in Ethiopia. The survey result was supported by 20 in-depth interviews.FindingsThe commonest coping strategies identified were negotiation, committing to the entrepreneurial role, committing to social roles, pleasing all, seeking social support and hiring outside support. A multivariate analysis of variance revealed that these coping strategies differed across the various stages of business growth. Meanwhile, structural equation modeling established that female business owners with high levels of personal resources (such as optimism, self-efficacy and resilience) committed more to their entrepreneurial roles than to their social roles.Originality/valueThis research contributes knowledge on coping strategies among female entrepreneurs in sub-Saharan Africa, where family structure and orientation, the economy and social development differ from those in developed countries. The research also integrates the lines of empirical research on coping strategies with the process-based view of entrepreneurship.

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