This paper argues that religious violence can be interpreted as resulting from the disproportion between the transcendent, elusive character of the divine and the need of a religious community for identity. This explains why the divine has to be contained in finite, human categories. Inevitably, these categories mark the distinction between inclusion and exclusion, as well as between orthodoxy and heresy. Hence, religious violence can be explained as a problematic reaction to the threat of the loss of religious identity. Against this background, the final section explores how this reaction can be averted. Paradoxically, the very absoluteness of God and of religious truth that critics of religion often see as monotheism’s greatest weakness becomes a resource for identifying religious violence as a religious failure to admit one’s own fundamental limitations in understanding the divine. Hence, faithful are called upon to practice the virtues of epistemic humility and religious hospitality in their dealings with other religions.
|Title of host publication||Religious Truth and Identity in an Age of Plurality|
|Editors||Peter Jonkers, Oliver Wiertz|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Sep 2019|