Humor styles across 28 countries

Julie Aitken Schermer*, Radosław Rogoza, Maria Magdalena Kwiatkowska, Christopher Marcin Kowalski, Sibele Aquino, Rahkman Ardi, Henrietta Bolló, Marija Branković, Razieh Chegeni, Jan Crusius, Marta Doroszuk, Violeta Enea, Thi Khanh Ha Truong, Dzintra Iliško, Tomislav Jukić, Emira Kozarević, Gert Kruger, Adil Kurtić, Jens Lange, Kadi LiikSadia Malik, Samuel Lins, Agim Mamuti, Laura Martinez-Buelvas, Benjamin Mrkušić, Ginés Navarro-Carrillo, Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Emrah Özsoy, Eva Papazova, Joonha Park, Natalia Pylat, Goran Riđić, Ognjen Riđić, Dženan Skelić, Chee Seng Tan, Jorge Torres-Marín, Osman Uslu, Tatiana Volkodav, Anna Włodarczyk, Georg Krammer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Responses to a measure of the four humor styles of affiliative, aggressive, self-enhancing, and self-defeating from the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ; Martin et al. Journal of Research in Personality, 37(1), 48–75, 2003) were collected from individuals (N = 8361) in 28 countries encompassing 21 different languages. The purpose of this global collaboration was to examine both differences and similarities of humor styles across nations at the descriptive level. Across the countries, typically the highest scores were for the affiliative humor style. When each humor style was examined, some country samples demonstrated differences in mean scores. For example, the samples from Hungary, Indonesia, South Africa, and Serbia had high self-enhancing scores and Japan scored the lowest. In contrast to mean differences, almost all of the countries demonstrated positive inter-scale correlations, similar sex differences, and similar correlations with age, suggesting more similarities than differences. As discussed, some of the samples had low internal consistency values and poorly fitting factor structures for the humor style scales, suggesting that those results should be interpreted with caution.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Psychology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Adults
  • Cross culture
  • Humor styles


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