Hypoallergenicity assessment of an extensively hydrolyzed whey‐protein formula in cow’s milk allergic infants

Lamia Dahdah, Mieke Roelofs, Karen Knipping, Esther De Vries, Anneke Rijnierse, Johan Garssen, Paul L. P. Brand, Alessandro Fiocchi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
62 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Extensively hydrolyzed formulas are recommended for the dietary management of infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA).

Objectives
Hypoallergenicity, growth, and gastrointestinal (GI) tolerability of a new extensively hydrolyzed whey-protein formula (eHWF) in CMA children were assessed.

Methods
In this prospective, randomized, international, multi-center study (Trial NL3889), 34 children with confirmed CMA (74% IgE-mediated) underwent a double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) with an eHWF developed with non-porcine enzymes, supplemented with prebiotic short-chain galacto- and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (0.8 g/L, ratio 9:1), arachidonic acid (0.35/100 g), and docosahexaenoic acid (0.35/100 g). If tolerant to the eHWF, children participated in a 7-day open food challenge with this eHWF. Anthropometrics and GI tolerability were assessed in an optional 16-weeks follow-up.

Results
Of the 34 children who started the DBPCFC with the eHWF, 25 subjects (19 boys, mean age: 61 weeks, 18 with IgE-mediated CMA) completed the DBPCFC and 7-day open challenge without major protocol deviations and tested negative at both challenges. One child experienced a late moderate eczematous allergic reaction in the optional follow-up period, indicating the need for close monitoring of subjects starting new formula. Weight and length gain followed the World Health Organization growth curves. Changes in frequency and consistency of stools upon test formula intake were transient.

Conclusions
The newly developed eHWF is a suitable option in CMA treatment as all subjects tolerated the product. This result is in line with the international criteria for hypoallergenicity (American Academy of Pediatrics) that state that more than 90% of CMA children must tolerate the formula. Use of the formula is also associated with normal growth curves and GI tolerability.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13814
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Allergy and Immunology
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Infant
  • Infant Formula
  • Milk
  • Milk Hypersensitivity
  • Prospective Studies
  • Whey
  • Whey Proteins

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hypoallergenicity assessment of an extensively hydrolyzed whey‐protein formula in cow’s milk allergic infants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this