Identifying Central Bank Liquidity Super-Spreaders in Interbank Funds Networks

C. León, C. Machado, N.M. Sarmiento Paipilla

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We model the allocation of central bank liquidity among the participants of the interbank market by using network analysis’ metrics. Our analytical framework considers that a super-spreader simultaneously excels at receiving (borrowing) and distributing (lending) central bank’s liquidity for the whole network, as measured by financial institutions’ hub centrality and authority centrality, respectively. Evidence suggests that the Colombian interbank funds market exhibits an inhomogeneous and hierarchical network structure, akin to a core-periphery organization, in which a few financial institutions fulfill the role of central bank’s liquidity super-spreaders. Our results concur with evidence from other interbank markets and other financial networks regarding the flaws of traditional direct financial contagion models based on homogeneous and non-hierarchical networks. Also, concurrent with literature on lending relationships in interbank markets, we confirm that the probability of being a super-spreader is mainly determined by financial institutions’ size. We provide additional elements for the implementation of monetary policy and for safeguarding financial stability.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
Number of pages45
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2015

Publication series

NameEBC Discussion Paper


  • interbank
  • liquidity
  • monetary policy
  • financial stability
  • networks
  • super-spreader
  • central bank


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