Identifying classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning: A latent class analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background
Persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning are often studied as a single group with similar characteristics. However, there are indications that differences exist within this population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning and to examine whether these classes are related to individual and/or environmental characteristics.
Methods
Latent class analysis was performed using file data of 250 eligible participants with a mean age of 26.1 (SD 13.8, range 3–70) years.
Results
Five distinct classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning were found. These classes significantly differed in individual and environmental characteristics. For example, persons with a mild intellectual disability experienced fewer problems than those with borderline intellectual disability.
Conclusions
The identification of five classes implies that a differentiated approach is required towards persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning.
Keywords
Mild intellectual disability, Borderline intellectual functioning, Intellectual disability, Latent class analysis, Heterogeneity, Profiles
LanguageEnglish
Article number257
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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@article{00c24877a95b4b0898b60fcd6921e605,
title = "Identifying classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning: A latent class analysis",
abstract = "BackgroundPersons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning are often studied as a single group with similar characteristics. However, there are indications that differences exist within this population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning and to examine whether these classes are related to individual and/or environmental characteristics.MethodsLatent class analysis was performed using file data of 250 eligible participants with a mean age of 26.1 (SD 13.8, range 3–70) years.ResultsFive distinct classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning were found. These classes significantly differed in individual and environmental characteristics. For example, persons with a mild intellectual disability experienced fewer problems than those with borderline intellectual disability.ConclusionsThe identification of five classes implies that a differentiated approach is required towards persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning.KeywordsMild intellectual disability, Borderline intellectual functioning, Intellectual disability, Latent class analysis, Heterogeneity, Profiles",
author = "P.J.G. Nouwens and R. Lucas and N.B.M. Smulders and P.J.C.M. Embregts and {van Nieuwenhuizen}, Ch.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1186/s12888-017-1426-8",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "BMC Psychiatry",
issn = "1471-244X",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

Identifying classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning : A latent class analysis. / Nouwens, P.J.G.; Lucas, R.; Smulders, N.B.M.; Embregts, P.J.C.M.; van Nieuwenhuizen, Ch.

In: BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 17, 257, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identifying classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning

T2 - BMC Psychiatry

AU - Nouwens,P.J.G.

AU - Lucas,R.

AU - Smulders,N.B.M.

AU - Embregts,P.J.C.M.

AU - van Nieuwenhuizen,Ch.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - BackgroundPersons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning are often studied as a single group with similar characteristics. However, there are indications that differences exist within this population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning and to examine whether these classes are related to individual and/or environmental characteristics.MethodsLatent class analysis was performed using file data of 250 eligible participants with a mean age of 26.1 (SD 13.8, range 3–70) years.ResultsFive distinct classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning were found. These classes significantly differed in individual and environmental characteristics. For example, persons with a mild intellectual disability experienced fewer problems than those with borderline intellectual disability.ConclusionsThe identification of five classes implies that a differentiated approach is required towards persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning.KeywordsMild intellectual disability, Borderline intellectual functioning, Intellectual disability, Latent class analysis, Heterogeneity, Profiles

AB - BackgroundPersons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning are often studied as a single group with similar characteristics. However, there are indications that differences exist within this population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning and to examine whether these classes are related to individual and/or environmental characteristics.MethodsLatent class analysis was performed using file data of 250 eligible participants with a mean age of 26.1 (SD 13.8, range 3–70) years.ResultsFive distinct classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning were found. These classes significantly differed in individual and environmental characteristics. For example, persons with a mild intellectual disability experienced fewer problems than those with borderline intellectual disability.ConclusionsThe identification of five classes implies that a differentiated approach is required towards persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning.KeywordsMild intellectual disability, Borderline intellectual functioning, Intellectual disability, Latent class analysis, Heterogeneity, Profiles

U2 - 10.1186/s12888-017-1426-8

DO - 10.1186/s12888-017-1426-8

M3 - Article

VL - 17

JO - BMC Psychiatry

JF - BMC Psychiatry

SN - 1471-244X

M1 - 257

ER -