Identity statuses and psychosocial functioning in Turkish youth: A person-centered approach

Umit Morsunbul, Elisabetta Crocetti, Figen Cok, W.H.J. Meeus

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31 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, we tested whether the five identity statuses of the original Meeus–Crocetti model could be extracted in a Turkish sample. Their three-factor model of identity was used to examine identity formation. Participants were 1201 (59.6% females) youth aged between 12 and 24 years (Mage = 17.53 years, SDage = 3.25). Findings revealed that the five identity statuses extracted in previous studies (Crocetti, Rubini, Luyckx, & Meeus, 2008; Crocetti, Schwartz, Fermani, Klimstra, & Meeus, 2012) also emerged in a sample of Turkish adolescents and emerging adults. Findings indicated that gender and age affected the distribution of the individuals among the five identity statuses. Furthermore, individuals in the five identity statuses represented distinct profiles according to personality and self characteristics, problem behaviors and well-being, and interpersonal and group relationships. Finally, the status × age interactions indicated that the searching moratorium status became more problematic with age. Implications and suggestions for future research are also discussed. Keywords Identity statuses, Psychosocial functioning, Adolescence, Emerging adulthood
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-155
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Identity statuses
  • Psychosocial functioning
  • Adolescence
  • Emerging adulthood


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