Identity styles, dimensions, statuses, and functions: Making connections among identity conceptualizations

E. Crocetti, L.S. Sica, S.J. Schwarz, T. Serafini, W.H.J. Meeus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


Identity styles (Berzonsky, 1989), identity dimensions and statuses (Marcia, 1966; Crocetti, Rubini, Luyckx, & Meeus, 2008), and identity functions (Adams & Marshall, 1996) represent important identity conceptualizations. However, the interrelationships among these constructs are not well understood.
The purpose of this study was to examine the connections between these identity conceptualizations.
Participants were 1158 Italian youth (38% males), aged 17 to 22 years. These participants completed self-report identity measures.
Findings indicated that informational and normative styles, and commitment and in-depth exploration were positively associated with identity functions; whereas diffuse-avoidant style and reconsideration of commitment were negatively related to identity functions. Finally, meaningful differences on identity functions between the statuses were detected.
Identity is a multi-faceted construct that has to be studied integrating various conceptualizations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
JournalEuropean Review of Applied Psychology = Revue Européenne de psychologie appliquée
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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