Ideological (a)symmetries in prejudice and intergroup bias

J.T. Crawford*, M.J. Brandt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The traditional perspective on the political ideology and prejudice relationship holds that political conservatism is associated with prejudice, and that the types of dispositional characteristics associated with conservatism (e.g., low cognitive ability, low openness) explain this relationship. This conclusion is limited by the limited number of groups studied. When researchers use a more heterogeneous array of targets, people across the political spectrum express prejudice against groups with dissimilar values and beliefs. Evidence for this worldview conflict perspective emerges in both politics and religion, as well as individual differences like Openness, disgust sensitivity and cognitive ability. Although these two perspectives differ substantially, there is some identifiable common ground between them, particularly the assumption of some psychological differences between liberals and conservatives. We discuss some remaining open questions related to worldview conflict reduction, causal processes, the robustness of the assumptions of the traditional perspective, and differences between political elites and the public.
Keywords: Belief Systems, Ideology, Political Psychology, Social Psychology, Religion, Prejudice, Morality
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-45
JournalCurrent Opinions in Behavioral Science
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

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prejudice
cognitive ability
conservatism
trend
worldview
Religion
political psychology
political ideology
social psychology
political elite
morality
ideology
Group
politics
evidence
Values

Cite this

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abstract = "The traditional perspective on the political ideology and prejudice relationship holds that political conservatism is associated with prejudice, and that the types of dispositional characteristics associated with conservatism (e.g., low cognitive ability, low openness) explain this relationship. This conclusion is limited by the limited number of groups studied. When researchers use a more heterogeneous array of targets, people across the political spectrum express prejudice against groups with dissimilar values and beliefs. Evidence for this worldview conflict perspective emerges in both politics and religion, as well as individual differences like Openness, disgust sensitivity and cognitive ability. Although these two perspectives differ substantially, there is some identifiable common ground between them, particularly the assumption of some psychological differences between liberals and conservatives. We discuss some remaining open questions related to worldview conflict reduction, causal processes, the robustness of the assumptions of the traditional perspective, and differences between political elites and the public. Keywords: Belief Systems, Ideology, Political Psychology, Social Psychology, Religion, Prejudice, Morality",
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Ideological (a)symmetries in prejudice and intergroup bias. / Crawford, J.T.; Brandt, M.J.

In: Current Opinions in Behavioral Science, Vol. 34, 2020, p. 40-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - The traditional perspective on the political ideology and prejudice relationship holds that political conservatism is associated with prejudice, and that the types of dispositional characteristics associated with conservatism (e.g., low cognitive ability, low openness) explain this relationship. This conclusion is limited by the limited number of groups studied. When researchers use a more heterogeneous array of targets, people across the political spectrum express prejudice against groups with dissimilar values and beliefs. Evidence for this worldview conflict perspective emerges in both politics and religion, as well as individual differences like Openness, disgust sensitivity and cognitive ability. Although these two perspectives differ substantially, there is some identifiable common ground between them, particularly the assumption of some psychological differences between liberals and conservatives. We discuss some remaining open questions related to worldview conflict reduction, causal processes, the robustness of the assumptions of the traditional perspective, and differences between political elites and the public. Keywords: Belief Systems, Ideology, Political Psychology, Social Psychology, Religion, Prejudice, Morality

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