Implicit motives and basic psychological needs

Julia Schüler*, Nicola Baumann, Athanasios Chasiotis, Michael Bender, Ingrid Baum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The present article starts with discussing similarities and differences between conceptualizations of human needs in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan [1985], Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior; Deci & Ryan [2000], Nebraska symposium on motivation: Perspectives on motivation) and motive disposition theory (MDT; McClelland, Human motivation, 1985). The second section focuses on the two-process model of psychological needs (Sheldon [2011], Psychological Review, 118: 552), which aims to integrate the two approaches, whereas the third section highlights some aspects of both theories that are still decoupled or even contradictory, but nevertheless still have a high potential to be linked. These three aspects are (a) the noncorresponding concepts of implicit power motive (MDT) and basic need for autonomy (SDT); (b) the differentiation of needs into hope and fear components, which is theoretically embedded in MDT, but not in SDT; and (c) MDT researchers' differentiation into an implicit and explicit motivational system, which is not included in SDT. Particularly, the last section highlights the potential for areas in which further integration is possible, which provides a foundation for comprehensive and exciting research on human motivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-55
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Personal Autonomy
Psychological Models

Keywords

  • ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVES
  • AFFILIATION
  • AUTONOMY SUPPORT
  • EXPLICIT
  • LIFE SATISFACTION
  • MODERATING ROLE
  • PROJECTIVE MEASURE
  • PROSOCIAL MOTIVATION
  • SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY
  • SOCIAL MOTIVES

Cite this

Schüler, Julia ; Baumann, Nicola ; Chasiotis, Athanasios ; Bender, Michael ; Baum, Ingrid. / Implicit motives and basic psychological needs. In: Journal of Personality. 2019 ; Vol. 87, No. 1. pp. 37-55.
@article{5c54282d73034a20bb2ff958e2ceaa8d,
title = "Implicit motives and basic psychological needs",
abstract = "The present article starts with discussing similarities and differences between conceptualizations of human needs in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan [1985], Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior; Deci & Ryan [2000], Nebraska symposium on motivation: Perspectives on motivation) and motive disposition theory (MDT; McClelland, Human motivation, 1985). The second section focuses on the two-process model of psychological needs (Sheldon [2011], Psychological Review, 118: 552), which aims to integrate the two approaches, whereas the third section highlights some aspects of both theories that are still decoupled or even contradictory, but nevertheless still have a high potential to be linked. These three aspects are (a) the noncorresponding concepts of implicit power motive (MDT) and basic need for autonomy (SDT); (b) the differentiation of needs into hope and fear components, which is theoretically embedded in MDT, but not in SDT; and (c) MDT researchers' differentiation into an implicit and explicit motivational system, which is not included in SDT. Particularly, the last section highlights the potential for areas in which further integration is possible, which provides a foundation for comprehensive and exciting research on human motivation.",
keywords = "ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVES, AFFILIATION, AUTONOMY SUPPORT, EXPLICIT, LIFE SATISFACTION, MODERATING ROLE, PROJECTIVE MEASURE, PROSOCIAL MOTIVATION, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, SOCIAL MOTIVES",
author = "Julia Sch{\"u}ler and Nicola Baumann and Athanasios Chasiotis and Michael Bender and Ingrid Baum",
note = "Special Issue: Self‐determination theory as a unifying theory within personality psychology. February 2019",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1111/jopy.12431",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = "37--55",
journal = "Journal of Personality",
issn = "0022-3506",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

}

Implicit motives and basic psychological needs. / Schüler, Julia; Baumann, Nicola; Chasiotis, Athanasios; Bender, Michael; Baum, Ingrid.

In: Journal of Personality, Vol. 87, No. 1, 2019, p. 37-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Implicit motives and basic psychological needs

AU - Schüler, Julia

AU - Baumann, Nicola

AU - Chasiotis, Athanasios

AU - Bender, Michael

AU - Baum, Ingrid

N1 - Special Issue: Self‐determination theory as a unifying theory within personality psychology. February 2019

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The present article starts with discussing similarities and differences between conceptualizations of human needs in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan [1985], Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior; Deci & Ryan [2000], Nebraska symposium on motivation: Perspectives on motivation) and motive disposition theory (MDT; McClelland, Human motivation, 1985). The second section focuses on the two-process model of psychological needs (Sheldon [2011], Psychological Review, 118: 552), which aims to integrate the two approaches, whereas the third section highlights some aspects of both theories that are still decoupled or even contradictory, but nevertheless still have a high potential to be linked. These three aspects are (a) the noncorresponding concepts of implicit power motive (MDT) and basic need for autonomy (SDT); (b) the differentiation of needs into hope and fear components, which is theoretically embedded in MDT, but not in SDT; and (c) MDT researchers' differentiation into an implicit and explicit motivational system, which is not included in SDT. Particularly, the last section highlights the potential for areas in which further integration is possible, which provides a foundation for comprehensive and exciting research on human motivation.

AB - The present article starts with discussing similarities and differences between conceptualizations of human needs in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan [1985], Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior; Deci & Ryan [2000], Nebraska symposium on motivation: Perspectives on motivation) and motive disposition theory (MDT; McClelland, Human motivation, 1985). The second section focuses on the two-process model of psychological needs (Sheldon [2011], Psychological Review, 118: 552), which aims to integrate the two approaches, whereas the third section highlights some aspects of both theories that are still decoupled or even contradictory, but nevertheless still have a high potential to be linked. These three aspects are (a) the noncorresponding concepts of implicit power motive (MDT) and basic need for autonomy (SDT); (b) the differentiation of needs into hope and fear components, which is theoretically embedded in MDT, but not in SDT; and (c) MDT researchers' differentiation into an implicit and explicit motivational system, which is not included in SDT. Particularly, the last section highlights the potential for areas in which further integration is possible, which provides a foundation for comprehensive and exciting research on human motivation.

KW - ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVES

KW - AFFILIATION

KW - AUTONOMY SUPPORT

KW - EXPLICIT

KW - LIFE SATISFACTION

KW - MODERATING ROLE

KW - PROJECTIVE MEASURE

KW - PROSOCIAL MOTIVATION

KW - SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY

KW - SOCIAL MOTIVES

U2 - 10.1111/jopy.12431

DO - 10.1111/jopy.12431

M3 - Article

VL - 87

SP - 37

EP - 55

JO - Journal of Personality

JF - Journal of Personality

SN - 0022-3506

IS - 1

ER -