This dissertation investigates the effects of PVSOs in motivating managers to promote shareholder value. Undesired consequences associated with PVSOs are also examined. Chapter 2 studies the effectiveness of PVSOs in aligning interests between managers and shareholders. Chapter 3 explores managers’ propensity to engage in earnings management when PVSOs are used in compensation. In an agency setting, Chapter 4 compares the incentive effects of PVSOs with TSOs in inducing managerial effort. Chapters 2 and 3 illustrate two sides of one coin: option vesting targets incentivize managers to work in the shareholders’ best interest but at the same time, these targets also provide managers with incentive to manage earnings. Incorporating the effects of earnings management into the analysis, Chapter 4 shows positive net effects of PVSOs in motivating managers. More specifically, with appropriately defined performance targets, PVSOs will still induce higher economic effort from managers than TSOs.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||30 Oct 2007|
|Place of Publication||Tilburg|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|