Individual differences in nostalgia proneness

The integrating role of the need to belong

J. Seehusen, F. Cordaro, T. Wildschut, C. Sedikides, C. Routledge, G.C. Blackhart, K. Epstude, A.J.J.M. Vingerhoets

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Abstract

Who is the nostalgia-prone person? The ‘sociality view’ sees an individual who frequently recalls meaningful memories rich in social content. The ‘maladaptation view’ sees an emotionally unstable, neurotic individual. In four studies, we integrated these contrasting views. We hypothesized that the link between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness arises because (a) neuroticism is associated with the need to belong and (b) the need to belong triggers nostalgia, with its abundant social content. Consistent with this hypothesis, Studies 1–2 found that the correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness was eliminated when controlling for the need to belong. The need to belong predicted increased nostalgia proneness, above and beyond neuroticism. Specifically, Study 2 revealed that a deficit-reduction (rather than growth) belongingness orientation predicted increased nostalgia proneness. When the role of this deficit-reduction belongingness orientation was controlled, the positive correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia disappeared. Studies 3–4 showed that experimental inductions of a belongingness deficit augmented nostalgia, providing support for its compensatory role.
Keywords: Nostalgia proneness, Neuroticism, Need to belong, Belongingness deficit, Social connectedness
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-908
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume55
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Seehusen, J. ; Cordaro, F. ; Wildschut, T. ; Sedikides, C. ; Routledge, C. ; Blackhart, G.C. ; Epstude, K. ; Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M. / Individual differences in nostalgia proneness : The integrating role of the need to belong. In: Personality and Individual Differences. 2013 ; Vol. 55, No. 8. pp. 904-908.
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abstract = "Who is the nostalgia-prone person? The ‘sociality view’ sees an individual who frequently recalls meaningful memories rich in social content. The ‘maladaptation view’ sees an emotionally unstable, neurotic individual. In four studies, we integrated these contrasting views. We hypothesized that the link between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness arises because (a) neuroticism is associated with the need to belong and (b) the need to belong triggers nostalgia, with its abundant social content. Consistent with this hypothesis, Studies 1–2 found that the correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness was eliminated when controlling for the need to belong. The need to belong predicted increased nostalgia proneness, above and beyond neuroticism. Specifically, Study 2 revealed that a deficit-reduction (rather than growth) belongingness orientation predicted increased nostalgia proneness. When the role of this deficit-reduction belongingness orientation was controlled, the positive correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia disappeared. Studies 3–4 showed that experimental inductions of a belongingness deficit augmented nostalgia, providing support for its compensatory role.Keywords: Nostalgia proneness, Neuroticism, Need to belong, Belongingness deficit, Social connectedness",
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Seehusen, J, Cordaro, F, Wildschut, T, Sedikides, C, Routledge, C, Blackhart, GC, Epstude, K & Vingerhoets, AJJM 2013, 'Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: The integrating role of the need to belong', Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 904-908. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.020

Individual differences in nostalgia proneness : The integrating role of the need to belong. / Seehusen, J.; Cordaro, F.; Wildschut, T.; Sedikides, C.; Routledge, C.; Blackhart, G.C.; Epstude, K.; Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 55, No. 8, 2013, p. 904-908.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Seehusen, J.

AU - Cordaro, F.

AU - Wildschut, T.

AU - Sedikides, C.

AU - Routledge, C.

AU - Blackhart, G.C.

AU - Epstude, K.

AU - Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M.

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AB - Who is the nostalgia-prone person? The ‘sociality view’ sees an individual who frequently recalls meaningful memories rich in social content. The ‘maladaptation view’ sees an emotionally unstable, neurotic individual. In four studies, we integrated these contrasting views. We hypothesized that the link between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness arises because (a) neuroticism is associated with the need to belong and (b) the need to belong triggers nostalgia, with its abundant social content. Consistent with this hypothesis, Studies 1–2 found that the correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness was eliminated when controlling for the need to belong. The need to belong predicted increased nostalgia proneness, above and beyond neuroticism. Specifically, Study 2 revealed that a deficit-reduction (rather than growth) belongingness orientation predicted increased nostalgia proneness. When the role of this deficit-reduction belongingness orientation was controlled, the positive correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia disappeared. Studies 3–4 showed that experimental inductions of a belongingness deficit augmented nostalgia, providing support for its compensatory role.Keywords: Nostalgia proneness, Neuroticism, Need to belong, Belongingness deficit, Social connectedness

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