Inhospitable realities: Refugees’ livelihoods in Hitsats, Ethiopia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


Until recently, Eritrean refugees in Hitsats refugee camp in Ethiopia did not have access to income-generating activities. This contributed to a sense of hopelessness and motivated secondary migration. Basic conditions for livelihoods have been inadequate – refugees have not had the right to work, to obtain a drivers’ licence or live outside the camps. However, there has been a political shift in Ethiopia, which has brought new and positive attention to refugee issues and a focus on harnessing their potential. Combined with recent developments in the political and policy streams in Ethiopia, such as the adoption of the Nine Pledges and revision of the Refugee Proclamation, it seems that a policy window may be opening for refugees’ livelihood issues to finally reach the agenda.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoaming Africa: Migration, Resilience and Social Protection
EditorsMirjam Van Reisen, Mia Stokmans, Munyaradzi Mawere, Kinfe Abraha Gebre-Egziabher
Place of PublicationBamenda, Cameroon
PublisherLangaa RPCIG
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9789956551019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Refugees
  • Eritrean Refugees
  • Refugee Livelihood
  • Camp Refugees in Ethiopia


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