Intellectual disability among Dutch homeless people

Prevalence and related psychosocial problems

Barbara Van Straaten*, Carola T. M. Schrijvers, Jorien Van der Laan, Sandra N. Boersma, Gerda Rodenburg, Judith R. L. M. Wolf, Dike Van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: 

There is a higher prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) among homeless people than in the general population. However, little is known about the additional psychosocial problems faced by homeless people with ID. We describe the prevalence of ID in a cohort of homeless people in the Netherlands, and report relationships between ID and psychosocial problems in terms of psychological distress, substance (mis) use and dependence, as well as demographic characteristics in this cohort.

Methods: 

This cross-sectional study is part of a cohort study among homeless people in the four major cities of the Netherlands. Data were derived from 387 homeless people who were interviewed and screened for ID six months after the baseline measurement. Multivariate logistic regression analyses and x 2 tests were performed to analyze relationships between ID, psychosocial problems and demographic characteristics.

Findings: Of all cohort members, 29.5% had a suspected ID. Participants with a suspected ID had a higher mean age, were more likely to be male and to fall in the lowest category of education than participants without a suspected ID. Having a suspected ID was related to general psychological distress (OR = 1.56, p

Conclusion: 

The prevalence of ID among Dutch homeless people is higher than in the general population, and is related to more psychosocial problems than among homeless people without ID. Homeless people with a suspected ID appear to be a vulnerable subgroup within the homeless population. This endorses the importance of the extra attention required for this subgroup.

Original languageEnglish
Article number86112
Number of pages7
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
  • PSYCHIATRIC-ILLNESS
  • ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION
  • MENTAL-RETARDATION
  • SUBSTANCE USE
  • HEALTH-STATUS
  • ADULTS
  • DISORDERS
  • CHALLENGES

Cite this

Van Straaten, B., Schrijvers, C. T. M., Van der Laan, J., Boersma, S. N., Rodenburg, G., Wolf, J. R. L. M., & Van de Mheen, D. (2014). Intellectual disability among Dutch homeless people: Prevalence and related psychosocial problems. PLoS ONE, 9(1), [86112]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086112
Van Straaten, Barbara ; Schrijvers, Carola T. M. ; Van der Laan, Jorien ; Boersma, Sandra N. ; Rodenburg, Gerda ; Wolf, Judith R. L. M. ; Van de Mheen, Dike. / Intellectual disability among Dutch homeless people : Prevalence and related psychosocial problems. In: PLoS ONE. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: There is a higher prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) among homeless people than in the general population. However, little is known about the additional psychosocial problems faced by homeless people with ID. We describe the prevalence of ID in a cohort of homeless people in the Netherlands, and report relationships between ID and psychosocial problems in terms of psychological distress, substance (mis) use and dependence, as well as demographic characteristics in this cohort.Methods: This cross-sectional study is part of a cohort study among homeless people in the four major cities of the Netherlands. Data were derived from 387 homeless people who were interviewed and screened for ID six months after the baseline measurement. Multivariate logistic regression analyses and x 2 tests were performed to analyze relationships between ID, psychosocial problems and demographic characteristics.Findings: Of all cohort members, 29.5{\%} had a suspected ID. Participants with a suspected ID had a higher mean age, were more likely to be male and to fall in the lowest category of education than participants without a suspected ID. Having a suspected ID was related to general psychological distress (OR = 1.56, pConclusion: The prevalence of ID among Dutch homeless people is higher than in the general population, and is related to more psychosocial problems than among homeless people without ID. Homeless people with a suspected ID appear to be a vulnerable subgroup within the homeless population. This endorses the importance of the extra attention required for this subgroup.",
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author = "{Van Straaten}, Barbara and Schrijvers, {Carola T. M.} and {Van der Laan}, Jorien and Boersma, {Sandra N.} and Gerda Rodenburg and Wolf, {Judith R. L. M.} and {Van de Mheen}, Dike",
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Van Straaten, B, Schrijvers, CTM, Van der Laan, J, Boersma, SN, Rodenburg, G, Wolf, JRLM & Van de Mheen, D 2014, 'Intellectual disability among Dutch homeless people: Prevalence and related psychosocial problems', PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 1, 86112. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086112

Intellectual disability among Dutch homeless people : Prevalence and related psychosocial problems. / Van Straaten, Barbara; Schrijvers, Carola T. M.; Van der Laan, Jorien; Boersma, Sandra N.; Rodenburg, Gerda; Wolf, Judith R. L. M.; Van de Mheen, Dike.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 9, No. 1, 86112, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intellectual disability among Dutch homeless people

T2 - Prevalence and related psychosocial problems

AU - Van Straaten, Barbara

AU - Schrijvers, Carola T. M.

AU - Van der Laan, Jorien

AU - Boersma, Sandra N.

AU - Rodenburg, Gerda

AU - Wolf, Judith R. L. M.

AU - Van de Mheen, Dike

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: There is a higher prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) among homeless people than in the general population. However, little is known about the additional psychosocial problems faced by homeless people with ID. We describe the prevalence of ID in a cohort of homeless people in the Netherlands, and report relationships between ID and psychosocial problems in terms of psychological distress, substance (mis) use and dependence, as well as demographic characteristics in this cohort.Methods: This cross-sectional study is part of a cohort study among homeless people in the four major cities of the Netherlands. Data were derived from 387 homeless people who were interviewed and screened for ID six months after the baseline measurement. Multivariate logistic regression analyses and x 2 tests were performed to analyze relationships between ID, psychosocial problems and demographic characteristics.Findings: Of all cohort members, 29.5% had a suspected ID. Participants with a suspected ID had a higher mean age, were more likely to be male and to fall in the lowest category of education than participants without a suspected ID. Having a suspected ID was related to general psychological distress (OR = 1.56, pConclusion: The prevalence of ID among Dutch homeless people is higher than in the general population, and is related to more psychosocial problems than among homeless people without ID. Homeless people with a suspected ID appear to be a vulnerable subgroup within the homeless population. This endorses the importance of the extra attention required for this subgroup.

AB - Background: There is a higher prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) among homeless people than in the general population. However, little is known about the additional psychosocial problems faced by homeless people with ID. We describe the prevalence of ID in a cohort of homeless people in the Netherlands, and report relationships between ID and psychosocial problems in terms of psychological distress, substance (mis) use and dependence, as well as demographic characteristics in this cohort.Methods: This cross-sectional study is part of a cohort study among homeless people in the four major cities of the Netherlands. Data were derived from 387 homeless people who were interviewed and screened for ID six months after the baseline measurement. Multivariate logistic regression analyses and x 2 tests were performed to analyze relationships between ID, psychosocial problems and demographic characteristics.Findings: Of all cohort members, 29.5% had a suspected ID. Participants with a suspected ID had a higher mean age, were more likely to be male and to fall in the lowest category of education than participants without a suspected ID. Having a suspected ID was related to general psychological distress (OR = 1.56, pConclusion: The prevalence of ID among Dutch homeless people is higher than in the general population, and is related to more psychosocial problems than among homeless people without ID. Homeless people with a suspected ID appear to be a vulnerable subgroup within the homeless population. This endorses the importance of the extra attention required for this subgroup.

KW - RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

KW - PSYCHIATRIC-ILLNESS

KW - ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION

KW - MENTAL-RETARDATION

KW - SUBSTANCE USE

KW - HEALTH-STATUS

KW - ADULTS

KW - DISORDERS

KW - CHALLENGES

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0086112

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0086112

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 1

M1 - 86112

ER -

Van Straaten B, Schrijvers CTM, Van der Laan J, Boersma SN, Rodenburg G, Wolf JRLM et al. Intellectual disability among Dutch homeless people: Prevalence and related psychosocial problems. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(1). 86112. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086112