International Comparisons of Work Disability

J. Banks, A. Kapteyn, J.P. Smith, A.H.O. van Soest

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Abstract

Self-reported work disability is analyzed in the US, the UK and the Netherlands.Different wordings of the questions lead to different work disability rates.But even if identical questions are asked, crosscountry differences remain substantial.Respondent evaluations of work limitations of hypothetical persons described in vignettes are used to identify the extent to which differences in self-reports between countries or socio-economic groups are due to systematic variation in the response scales.Results suggest that more than half of the difference between the rates of self-reported work disability in the US and the Netherlands can be explained by response scale differences.A similar methodology is used to analyze the reporting bias that arises if respondents justify being on disability benefits by overstating their work limiting disabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherEconometrics
Number of pages43
Volume2004-36
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2004-36

Keywords

  • Work limiting disability
  • Vignettes
  • Reporting bias
  • Justification bias

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    Banks, J., Kapteyn, A., Smith, J. P., & van Soest, A. H. O. (2004). International Comparisons of Work Disability. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2004-36). Econometrics.