Internet addiction in adolescents: Prevalence and risk factors

Daria J. Kuss*, Antonius J. van Rooij, Gillian W. Shorter, Mark D. Griffiths, D. van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

202 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As new media are becoming daily fare, Internet addiction appears as a potential problem in adolescents. From the reported negative consequences, it appears that Internet addiction can have a variety of detrimental outcomes for young people that may require professional intervention. Researchers have now identified a number of activities and personality traits associated with Internet addiction. This study aimed to synthesise previous findings by (i) assessing the prevalence of potential Internet addiction in a large sample of adolescents, and (ii) investigating the interactions between personality traits and the usage of particular Internet applications as risk factors for Internet addiction. A total of 3105 adolescents in the Netherlands filled out a self-report questionnaire including the Compulsive Internet Use Scale and the Quick Big Five Scale. Results indicate that 3.7% of the sample were classified as potentially being addicted to the Internet. The use of online gaming and social applications (online social networking sites and Twitter) increased the risk for Internet addiction, whereas extraversion and conscientiousness appeared as protective factors in high frequency online garners. The findings support the inclusion of 'Internet addiction' in the DSM-V. Vulnerability and resilience appear as significant aspects that require consideration in further studies. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1987-1996
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Internet addiction
  • Adolescents
  • Prevalence
  • Personality
  • Risk
  • Internet applications
  • ONLINE GAMING ADDICTION
  • PSYCHIATRIC COMORBIDITY
  • KOREAN ADOLESCENTS
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • HONG-KONG
  • DISORDERS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • PERSONALITY
  • LIFE
  • COMMUNICATION

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