Interoperability of the time of industry 4.0 and the Internet of things

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49 Citations (Scopus)


Industry 4.0 demands a dynamic optimization of production lines. They are formed by sets of heterogeneous devices that cooperate towards a shared goal. The Internet of Things can serve as a technology enabler for implementing such a vision. Nevertheless, the domain is struggling in finding a shared understanding of the concepts for describing a device. This aspect plays a fundamental role in enabling an “intelligent interoperability” among sensor and actuators that will constitute a dynamic Industry 4.0 production line. In this paper, we summarize the efforts of academics and practitioners toward describing devices in order to enable dynamic reconfiguration by machines or humans. We also propose a set of concepts for describing devices, and we analyze how present initiatives are covering these aspects
Original languageEnglish
Article number36
JournalFuture Internet
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2019


  • Internet of Things
  • dynamic production processes
  • intelligent interoperability
  • Ontology
  • semantic web
  • Industry 4.0


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