Interpretation of "the wave function of the Universe"

Wim B. Drees*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Hawking and Hartle interpreted their wave function of the universe as giving the probability for the universe to appear from nothing. However, this is not a correct interpretation, since the normalization presupposes a universe, not nothing. Transition probabilities require a measure on the initial state and a physical result requires a physical initial state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)939-942
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Theoretical Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1987
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Interpretation of "the wave function of the Universe"'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this